Not getting pregnant is one of the most annoying problems for women ,Infertility affects a large number of couples. About 16% of couples are unable to reach pregnancy after one year of unprotected sex.
In this article, we will analyze many of the problems that could be one of the reasons for not getting pregnant, whether those experienced by men or women.
About a third of infertility cases are experienced by women, and only 20% are for men, while half of cases can be traced back to both partners or to an unknown cause.
For women, infertility is often related to hormonal problems and the fallopian tubes or uterus.
If a woman has problems associated with ovulation, identifying these problems as early as possible allows her to make appropriate decisions.
In men, infertility is often associated with low sperm count or erectile dysfunction.
Lifestyle factors such as being overweight, smoking and drinking alcohol can reduce fertility in both women and men.
If anyone has been trying unsuccessfully to have a baby for a year and is under 35 years old, they should speak to a professional for further advice. And if he’s over 35, you should seek advice after 6 months of trying, and immediately if he’s over 40.
What can cause fertility problems and cause Not Getting Pregnant
If you want to know better what can cause fertility problems in women, men and couples,
In this article you will find some of the most common conditions that can cause infertility. This list is not exhaustive and you can consult a health professional to receive further support depending on your specific situation.
What can affect a woman’s fertility
There are two reasons why the onset of pregnancy can be difficult to achieve:
We are talking about hormonal problems, problems with the fallopian tubes and uterus.
Ovulation is controlled by fertility hormones. If these hormone levels change for any reason, the process of ovulation may be affected. Ovulation problems are either releasing immature ovum or not releasing ovum.
At some point in a woman’s reproductive life, most women experience an absence of ovulatory cycles. This occurs more commonly in young girls who have just started ovulating or older women who are close to menopause, but anovulatory cycles can also occur in young women with regular menstrual cycles.
Some women have chronic problems with ovulation, and this may indicate a condition caused by an underlying hormonal imbalance such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which can make the normal development and maturation of ovum difficult.
The most important sign of problems related to ovulation is irregular or absent menstruation.
There are several factors or causes that can cause hormonal disorders that affect the ovulation process. These include drastic changes in weight, stress, tiring exercise and disease.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
The term “polycystic ovary” describes an ovary containing a large number of small “cysts”, or sacs containing ovum whose development is incorrect,
This is often due to a hormonal imbalance. Symptoms may include irregular or absent periods, weight gain, excessive hair growth, and problems getting pregnant.
Luteal stage palace
If the number of days between ovulation and the start of your next period is very short (less than 10 days), this may mean that even though you are able to conceive, the fertilized ovum is expelled before it can establish itself on the uterine wall.
This fact can be observed with an ovulation test or by monitoring your fertility status. To find out how long the luteal phase lasts, count the number of days between the day after ovulation and the start of your period.
Irregular menstrual cycle
A normal menstrual cycle is usually 23 to 35 days. Short or long cycles can be related to fertility problems.
In the context of a woman’s reproductive life, the typical duration of the menstrual cycle falls within this range. If your menstrual periods are usually shorter than 23 days, you should consult your doctor.
Using a home use fertility monitor or ovulation test helps you predict when you will ovulate.
Once you reach menopause, pregnancy is no longer possible, and in the period leading up to menopause (premenopause) it can be very difficult to get pregnant.
If your mother had early menopause, the chance that you will experience this problem is much higher, so you should try to find out the age at which your mother started menopause.
If you’re experiencing early menopause, it may be helpful to consult a health professional to tell you about ways to improve your chances of getting pregnant in the future.
Problems in the fallopian tubes or uterus and its effect on Not Getting Pregnant
The fallopian tubes transport the ovum from the ovary to the uterus. Blockage of the fallopian tubes can prevent sperm from reaching the ovum.
As for uterine problems, it can prevent the implantation of a fertilized ovum.
Untreated chlamydia infection
The most common cause of fallopian tube problems is an untreated chlamydia infection. Chlamydia is a common infection that is easily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse.
Some women may be completely unaware that they have a chlamydia infection due to the absence of symptoms. If there is a possibility that you may have chlamydia, you should see a doctor for a test.
These tumors are abnormal growths of muscle tissue within the uterus, which can block the fallopian tubes or prevent the implantation of a fertilized ovum in the uterus.
Consult your doctor for more information.
Endometriosis occurs when the tissue covering the uterus grows outside the uterus. This can block the fallopian tubes and prevent fertilization from occurring.
Endometriosis can cause menstrual periods to be very heavy or painful.
But this problem can be treated with drugs or by removing excess tissue.
Your doctor will be able to tell you more about this.
Many women with mild endometriosis can get pregnant naturally, although the chances of some fertility problems are higher.
Severe endometriosis can damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries
The adhesions that can form from the endometrium can also block the fallopian tubes.
Your gynecologist will be able to tell you what to do in this case.
If you have endometriosis, don’t leave yourself without seeking medical advice.
Fertility problems in men and its effect on Not Getting Pregnant
There are three main problems that affect fertility in men:
Low sperm count or poor sperm count, erectile dysfunction and other less common causes.
Low sperm count or poor sperm
If the number of sperms in the semen is lower than normal,
The chances of a sperm fertilizing an ovum will be less.
If the sperm is weak, it may not be able to reach the ovum, penetrate the membrane around it, and fertilize it.
Sperm production may decrease if there are problems with the testicles. A man can ensure that his testicles are healthy by wearing loose-fitting underwear.
If a man has problems achieving or maintaining an erection for psychological reasons, he may have difficulty having sexual intercourse
Several treatments are available, so talk to your doctor for more information.
Less common causes of male infertility include obstruction of the passage of sperm through the duct that carries sperm from the testicles, genetic conditions, and hormonal problems.
Other cases are more rare. Your doctor will be able to identify these problems with tests.
Other factors that can reduce fertility and affect Not Getting Pregnant
There are other problems that can affect both male and female fertility.
Male and female fertility can be affected as a result of excessive alcohol consumption. Reducing the amount of alcohol you drink can help you get pregnant.
Also, drinking during pregnancy can affect the health of the fetus, so,
If you are trying to get pregnant, it is important to reduce your alcohol consumption because you do not know when you will be pregnant.
Compared to non-smokers, men who smoke may have fewer normal sperm and more abnormal sperm.
In women, smoking can affect fertility and lead to early menopause.
It can also increase the risk of miscarriage and premature birth. Smoking is very bad and harms the health of the baby and it is better to stop smoking before pregnancy.
You and your partner should try to quit smoking if you’re trying to get pregnant.
There are many types of illegal drugs and drugs in use today, and the way in which they affect fertility has not been sufficiently studied.
Many medicines can have negative effects on the growth and development of the fetus.
Therefore, you should stop using any medications, drugs or narcotics when you are trying to get pregnant.
Weight loss or gain and its effect on Not Getting Pregnant
Being underweight or being overweight can change your menstrual cycle and reduce your chances of getting pregnant. Men who are overweight can have lower sperm counts and low-quality or poor-quality sperm.
You should consult your doctor to find out your ideal weight and receive advice so that you can increase or decrease your weight if necessary.
If you or your partner is taking a certain medication,
Consult your doctor to see if these medications limit fertility. If they are, alternatives may be available.
Vaginal dryness is more common than one might think. In an 11-country study of nearly 6,500 women, up to 18% of women aged 18 to 34 experienced either permanent or occasional vaginal dryness.
It can get worse when trying to get pregnant, as there is a tendency to have many sexual relations to produce children.
Some of the oils used for lubrication can be harmful to sperm, and the use of these lubricants can reduce the chances of pregnancy.
A woman is born with a sufficient number of ovum, and this number does not increase over the course of life, and the number gradually decreases with age. After the age of 38-40, the speed with which these ovum are lost is much greater, and their quality decreases.
If you are over 35 years old, it is recommended to see a doctor after six months of trying to conceive.
If you are over 40, seek advice from your physician when you start trying to conceive.
Unexplained infertility and its effect on Not Getting Pregnant
Sometimes all medical tests indicate normal values for ovum and sperm, but after years of trying, pregnancy does not occur.
This can be very frustrating and annoying because there is nothing to focus on or to correct or treat.
It is estimated that about a third of couples with unexplained infertility manage to conceive naturally and without intervention within three years.