Do you suffer from an eating disorder? Do you know what type you suffer from Here are the main types of eating disorder that some people may suffer from.
An eating disorder, or what is known as an eating disorder, is a problem that may be psychological or organic, and there are many types, methods of diagnosis and treatment.
The types of eating disorder include:
Types of eating disorder: Eating disorder
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder characterized by significant loss of body weight and shape.
People of this type follow a severe diet for fear of gaining weight, and are so fearful that they limit their food intake and exercise excessively.
Types of eating disorder: bulimia nervosa
In cases of bulimia nervosa, a person consumes a lot of food in a short period of time, and then people experience embarrassment, shame and guilt as a result of consuming large amounts of food.
They resort to some compulsive eating behaviors that may include fasting, vomiting, and using laxatives.
Types of eating disorder: Binge eating disorder
Binge eating disorder usually lasts a long time, and people with this condition often continue to eat even after they have eaten all of their main meals.
It is excessive, that is, more than the limit of satiety, and significantly leads to weight gain.
In this type of eating disorder, people start eating more than they should and more quickly than usual, and prefer to eat alone because they feel guilty and ashamed of the amount of food they consume.
Bulimia episodes occur once a week for 3 months. In this type of eating disorder, people usually do not resort to compulsive eating methods such as bulimia nervosa.
Types of eating disorder: Food avoidance disorder
Food avoidance disorder occurs when a person avoids or limits the food they normally consume, causing them to lose a lot of weight.
It is caused by several factors or previous negative events, such as: a bout of suffocation, and people have symptoms such as: anxiety, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and allergic reaction.
As a person who avoids food suffers from malnutrition, they may need nutritional supplements on occasion to compensate for the lack of vitamins and essential nutrients.
Types of eating disorder: pica disorder
Pica or cravings disorder is a subtype of eating disorder that occurs when a person eats non-food items for at least one month.
Among the materials that a person ingests: soap, cloth, hair, chalk, talcum powder, and other materials.
Types of Eating Disorder: Rumination Disorder
Rumination disorder is a type of digestive disorder that occurs when the contents of food are refluxed into the mouth after it has been eaten either by re-swallowing, chewing, or spitting out for at least one month.
This condition is often misdiagnosed as vomiting or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Types of eating disorder: Unspecified type
This type of eating disorder occurs in individuals who do not meet the requirements for the other eating disorders mentioned earlier.
Individuals with this type show very disturbed eating patterns, disturbances in body shape, and an intense fear of gaining weight.
It may negatively affect social life, work and family relationships.
Types of eating disorder: the similarities
The similarity between all types of eating disorders is that they may all co-occur with other mental disorders, such as: anxiety disorders, substance abuse problems, and others.
The severity of eating disorders can vary, even to death, if the patient does not respond to and adhere to treatment.
Therefore, you must consult your doctor and not ignore these disorders and share with him all behaviors, their frequency and severity, so that the doctor can assess the severity of the risk and develop a treatment plan accordingly.
binge eating disorder
Binge eating disorder, or the so-called binge eating syndrome, is one of the recently diagnosed psychological eating disorders, which causes the sufferer to adopt harmful eating habits, such as: excessive eating, as a result of behavioral, intellectual and emotional patterns.
In the majority of cases, these disorders cause psychological conditions, such as: depression, psychological stress and tension, and anxiety of various types.
Binge eating disorder is characterized by uncontrolled eating, resulting in a significant increase in body weight, with people consuming large amounts of food beyond their feeling of fullness.
Although the symptoms of binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa are similar, people with binge eating disorder tend not to eliminate food by vomiting or using purgatives.
Most people with binge eating disorder use food as a way to cope with bad feelings. This is because they have not learned how to act properly in stressful situations.
Also, many of these patients suffer from severe feelings of guilt because of their inability to control their eating habits, which increases psychological stress.
Symptoms of binge eating disorder
Most people with binge eating disorder have many symptoms, such as the following:
- Eating large amounts of food that others consider exceptional amounts.
- Constant feeling of inability to control the quality and quantity of food eaten.
- Eat quickly.
- Eat large amounts of food even when you are not hungry.
- Eating in isolation from others, because of feeling ashamed of the amount of food he eats.
- Feeling sick, disgusted, depressed, or feeling guilty after eating too much.
- Permanent change in body weight.
- Decreased or absent sexual desire.
- Adopting diet regimens frequently.
Causes and risk factors for binge eating disorder
The main cause of binge eating disorder is still unknown, and as in other eating disorders it appears to be caused by a combination of psychological, biological, and environmental factors, in the following details:
There is a relationship between binge eating disorder and some psychological problems, as about half of all people with binge eating disorder were suffering from psychological problems.
Ex: depression.Some sufferers report that feelings of anger, sadness, boredom, and anxiety may worsen their binge eating disorder.
BED may have a genetic basis, meaning that it is very likely that an eating disorder is hereditary, and researchers are examining that certain chemicals in the brain influence the formation and development of bulimia.
In most cases, people with binge eating disorder come from families that have a tendency to overeat, or take an excessive interest in everything related to eating and eating.
Complications of binge eating disorder
Bad eating habits that are common among people with binge eating disorder, or other eating disorders, are due to the emergence of various other medical problems caused by obesity, such as the following:
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Gallbladder disease.
- Heart disease.
- shortness of breath.
- Certain types of cancer.
- Menstrual problems.
- Inability to move, general tiredness.
- Sleep disorders.
In addition, people with binge eating disorder have problems with their daily activities, as most of them neglect work, study, and social activities in order to devote themselves to their compulsive eating habits.
Diagnosis of binge eating disorder
Diagnosing binge eating disorder is difficult.
Because most eating disorders are surrounded by shame and denial as part of the disease, as a result, it can take a long time to diagnose.
In most cases, binge eating disorder is discovered when the sufferer seeks help to lose weight, or when he is looking for treatment for the complications of obesity.
If binge eating disorder is suspected, the doctor begins an assessment based on the patient’s medical history and conducts a comprehensive physical examination, although there are no laboratory tests that can reach an accurate diagnosis of various eating disorders.
However, the doctor may perform several tests, such as an x-ray and a blood test, to ensure that there are no other medical problems.
In the event that no other medical problems have been diagnosed, the patient may be directed to a consultation to diagnose any psychological problems that may be the cause of the disease.
Treating binge eating disorder
Treating binge eating disorder is difficult. This is because most sufferers are very ashamed of their condition and of the disorder they suffer from, and they do everything they can to hide the problem.
Eating disorders need to develop a comprehensive treatment program that depends on the patient’s condition, as the treatment of the disorder aims to help the patient control eating habits as much as possible.
Treatment usually consists of the following:
- Pharmacological treatment.
- Nutritional counseling.
- Treatment and family support.
Preventing binge eating disorder
Although not all cases of binge eating disorder can be prevented, it is very important to start treatment the moment the condition is diagnosed.
In addition, learning and encouraging healthy eating habits by adopting a realistic approach to everything related to food can help prevent and prevent the exacerbation of various eating disorders.