5 types of anemia – symptoms and causes

types of anemia - symptoms and causes

An overview of anemia and its types

(Types of anemia) occurs when the blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells to transport enough oxygen to the body’s tissues.
Low Haemoglobin levels, generally known as Anaemia, can make you feel fatigued and weak.

Anemia comes in a variety of forms, each with its unique aetiology. Anemia can be short-term or long-term, and it can
range in severity from moderate to severe.

Anemia is generally caused by a combination of factors.

If you suspect you have anaemia, see your doctor. It could be a symptom of a more serious ailment.

Treatments for anaemia range from taking nutritional supplements to undergoing medical procedures, depending on
the cause.

Some types of anaemia can be avoided by eating a healthy, diversified diet.

What are the types of anemia

  • thalassemia
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Anemia due to iron deficiency

Symptoms of anemia

The signs and symptoms of anaemia differ based on the origin and severity of the condition.

You may not have any symptoms depending on the reason of your anaemia.

Signs and symptoms — if they occur — include:

  • fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Paleness or yellowing of the skin
  • Arrhythmia
  • shortness of breath
  • Vertigo or dizziness
  • chest pain
  • cold hands and feet
  • headache

The hypoglycemia may be so slight at first that you are unaware of it.

Exacerbation of hemoglobin, on the other hand, exacerbates the symptoms.

When should you see a doctor

See your doctor if you feel tired for no apparent reason.

Fatigue has many causes, including anemia; So don’t assume that if you’re tired, you must be anemic.

Some people find low hemoglobin, which indicates anemia.

when they donate blood. If you’ve been told that you can’t donate because of low hemoglobin, see a doctor.

Causes of anemia

Anemia can occur as a result of a congenital problem or as a result of an acquired ailment.

Anemia is a condition in which the blood lacks adequate red blood cells.

This may happen in the following cases:

  • When the body does not create enough red blood cells.
  • When the body kills red blood cells

What role do red blood cells play

The body generates three types of blood cells:

white blood cells, which fight infections, platelets, which aid in blood clotting, and red blood cells, which transport
oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs.

Hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein that gives blood its red colour, is found in red blood cells.

Red blood cells use haemoglobin to transport oxygen from your lungs to all areas of your body, as well as carbon dioxide from other parts of your body to your lungs for exhalation.

Your bone marrow, a spongy substance found within the spaces of many of your large bones, produces the bulk of blood cells, including red blood cells, on a regular basis.

Your body requires iron, vitamin B-12, folic acid, and other nutrients from your diet to produce haemoglobin and red blood cells.

Prevention of types of anemia

  • Iron. Beef, legumes, lentils, iron-rich morning cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits are all good sources of iron.
  • Vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) Meat, dairy products, fortified cereals, and soybean products are all high in vitamin B-12.
  • Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. Citrus fruits and juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, strawberries, and watermelon are all high in it. These also aid in the absorption of iron.

If you follow the prevention instructions, you can avoid getting all types of anemia

Tags: Anemia

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