Some couples want to determine the gender of the fetus sometimes to achieve balance in the family.
Or to prevent the inheritance of certain diseases related to sex.
Many traditional methods and practices ranging from changes in diet to timing of intercourse as well as some medical techniques contribute to determining the gender of the fetus.
Here is an explanation of the question of how the gender of the fetus is determined:
How is the gender of the fetus determined
How is the gender of the fetus determined by medical methods
Among the medical methods used to determine the gender of the fetus:
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis-PGD
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is the only scientific method that helps determine the sex of the fetus, as the accuracy of this method reaches 99%
A single sperm is implanted into the ovum through a type of in vitro fertilization called ICSI.
Then a small biopsy is taken from the developing embryos and sent for genetic evaluation in order to determine the gender of the fetus before placing it in the mother’s womb.
Sperm sorting is done using flow cytometry technology.
Where the semen undergoes a special washing process to remove seminal fluid and immobile sperm.
Then the sperm cells are stained with a dye that reacts with the DNA content of the cells.
The cells are placed in a flow cytometer.
It is a technique that identifies the particles in the liquid as they pass by the laser.
Sperm X glows more than Y when passed in UV light because it contains more DNA.
Then the concentrated sample of sperm that the couple wants is transferred to the woman’s uterus or used in the process of IVF.
The accuracy of this method reaches 93% when choosing a female pregnancy and 85% when choosing a male pregnancy.
How is the gender of the fetus determined by traditional methods
There are many traditional methods that help determine the gender of the fetus, including:
Timing intercourse close to the time of ovulation increases the likelihood of conceiving a male fetus.
Unlike intercourse at a date far from ovulation, which increases the possibility of pregnancy with a female fetus.
This is because sperm containing the Y sex chromosome are smaller, faster, and shorter-lived than those containing the X sex chromosome.
Determination of the acidic or basic environment of the vagina
Using vaginal washes that increase the acidity of the vagina or washing it with water and vinegar helps increase the chance of pregnancy with a girl.
While the use of alkaline washes or water and soda increases the chance of conceiving a male fetus.
Take different positions during intercourse
Different intercourse positions help increase the chance of conceiving a male or a female.
Follow a certain diet
Some research has found that mothers who ate a potassium-rich diet had more sons than mothers who ate fewer calories.
Information that may interest you in determining the gender of the fetus
The gender of the fetus depends on the X and Y sex chromosomes.
The ovum always carries the X chromosome while the sperm contributes the X or Y chromosome.
The fetus is female when the ovum is fertilized with a sperm containing the X sex chromosome.
And it is male when the ovum is fertilized with a sperm containing the sex chromosome Y.
What is the relationship between chromosomes to determine the gender of the fetus
After knowing the scientific methods for knowing the gender of the fetus.
It is important to know what chromosomes have to do with determining the sex of the fetus
- If the sperm carries a Y chromosome, the offspring will be male.
- If the sperm carries an X chromosome, the offspring will definitely be female.
In other words, if the Y chromosome from the man meets the X chromosome given by the woman.
The baby will be a boy.
If two X chromosomes meet, the offspring will be female.
The mother carries only two X chromosomes and no Y chromosome.
While men carry Y chromosomes as well as X chromosomes.
Thus, it appears at first glance as if the man alone is responsible for determining the gender of the fetus.
But the woman also plays an important role in this matter.
As the sex of the baby also relates to the time of ovulation.
And the pH that prevails on the way the sperm travels to the ovum.
Ovulation begins 14 days before menstruation begins.
at which point the woman begins to feel changes in body temperature and hormone levels in the urine.
Scientific methods for determining the gender of the fetus
Although there are many myths about the signs of conceiving a boy or the symptoms of conceiving a girl that appear during the months.
However, there are many ways to know the gender of the fetus, namely:
Since the fifties of the last century, the use of ultrasound devices (Ultrasound) began in the field of medicine.
especially in the field of pregnancy and childbirth.
And it became possible to know the gender of the fetus since the fourteenth week of pregnancy.
It allows knowing the gender of the fetus by seeing the fetus’s genitals, and knowing its gender early.
The positive thing is that this examination allows the couple to prepare for the future.
Both in terms of choosing the name of the newborn or even in terms of purchasing and preparing needs and supplies.
On the other hand, we can say that this has almost completely eliminated the element of surprise that many couples loved to wait for.
Amniocentesis is the test that doctors recommend to women who become pregnant at a later age.
Or exposed to the fetus with some defects or congenital malformations.
This examination also helps to know the gender of the fetus
Chorionic villus sampling
The villi are small projections within the placenta, and since the placenta is part of the fetus, its genetic makeup is similar to that of the fetus.
Therefore, the chorionic villus sampling is identical to the fetus without compromising the fetus itself.
Doctors recommend chorionic villus sampling when there is a risk of pregnancy.
For its importance in diagnosing genetic defects and detecting chromosomal abnormalities.
Is it possible to choose the sex of the fetus before fertilization
Today, there are scientific methods that help determine the sex of the fetus, for example, when fertilization is performed outside the body.
As is the case in IVF, only three days after fertilization occurs.
A cell can be taken from the fetus and the sex of the fetus can be determined directly.
This is done by examining a sample of the reproductive chromosomes in the cell being examined.
Thus, it is possible to get rid of unwanted embryos.
but there are those who claim that this method is unethical.
The sperm carrying the Y chromosome is lighter and faster moving than the one carrying the X chromosome.
The problem here is that the weight difference is very small.
Which made some claim that this method did not work.
And called for a return to the method of getting rid of unwanted embryos in order to determine the sex of the newborn.
Tips for pregnant women in: What to avoid
There are several points and tips for a pregnant woman in the first month that she should avoid in order to preserve her health and the health of her fetus. Among these points are:
- To relieve nausea, foods that trigger nausea, such as foods with strong odors.
- Avoid spicy, fried, acidic foods, and chocolate; To relieve heartburn.
- Avoid undercooked meat, foods that contain uncooked egg, unpasteurized dairy products, and fish that contain mercury, such as shark and swordfish.
- You must quit smoking and avoid places where smoking is frequent.
- Do not consume aspartame if you suffer from phenylketonuria.
- Avoid cleaning up cat litter; for possible transmission of toxoplasmosis.
- Reduce consumption of foods and drinks rich in caffeine.
- Avoid sports that increase the risk of falls.
- Avoid using vaginal douches.
- Do not use skin products that contain retinol or isotretinoin.
Tips before doing a pelvic ultrasound
Pelvic ultrasound includes several types, some of which are done through the abdomen. and others are done through the vagina or rectum. A pelvic ultrasound aims to examine the bladder and male and female reproductive organs. Among the tips before performing the pelvic ultrasound are:
- Determining the time of the pelvic ultrasound on a free day, as the pelvic ultrasound can take more time because it is not easy to obtain a clear image the first time.
- It is not necessary to follow any advice regarding food, as it is possible to eat normally before the ultrasound.
- Empty the bladder completely before the transvaginal ultrasound.
- Clean the colon using an enema two hours before the rectal pelvic ultrasound.
- Tell the radiologist about any medications or nutritional supplements the patient is using.
- Be sure to inform the radiologist if there is an allergy to latex when using transvaginal or rectal ultrasound.