Symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland

Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism in the body, and in the event of hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or hyperthyroidism, the body produces very large amounts of these hormones, which leads to symptoms associated with increased metabolism in the body.

In other words, hyperthyroidism increases the speed of some processes in the body, and it is worth noting that although the increased activity of the thyroid gland causes the emergence of many symptoms, this does not necessarily mean that all of them appear on the patient, as some individuals have mild and simple symptoms.

While it may be severe for others and affect their quality of life, and these symptoms may appear suddenly or gradually, and it must be noted that these symptoms are not specific and are similar to symptoms of other diseases and health problems.

And therefore a blood test usually helps determine what If the cause of these symptoms is suffering from thyroid problems or other health problems.

General symptoms

The increased activity of the thyroid gland causes the emergence of a variety of symptoms and signs, which may resemble the symptoms of other health conditions as mentioned previously.

In any case, the symptoms of increased thyroid activity can be stated as follows:

  • Unexplained weight loss even though the individual’s appetite remains the same or increases.
  • Heart palpitations or rapid heartbeat.
  • sweating
  • Fatigue and muscle weakness.
  • Increased sensitivity to heat.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Difficulty sleeping and speech problems.
  • Tremor, which is a slight shaking of the hands and fingers.
  • skin thinning;
  • An increased heart rate, known as tachycardia, often exceeding 100 beats per minute.
  • Nervousness and anxiety.
  • Hair brittleness and thinning.
  • Bowel movement changes. Bowel movement increases and becomes more frequent.


Goitre: This condition is characterized by an increase in the size of the thyroid gland than normal, and although it is considered a symptom of hyperthyroidism, it may also occur if the gland secretes less than normal amounts of hormones, and it can also cause hyperthyroidism. Occur if the gland secretes normal amounts of hormones.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism in the elderly

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism in the elderly do not appear clearly in most cases, as many of the general symptoms previously mentioned on young patients, while elderly people with hyperthyroidism suffer from only one or two of these symptoms.

For example, the elderly may suffer from muscle weakness, heart palpitations and chest pain when climbing the stairs, in addition to this, the elderly category may show mild symptoms that cannot be noticed, such as: heat intolerance, and a tendency to feel tired during daily activities.

In addition to the possibility of other symptoms associated with depression or dementia.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in women

In the event that women suffer from the problem of hyperthyroidism, some of their symptoms may appear, and the following is a statement of the most important of these symptoms and problems:

Menstrual disorder: Thyroid disorder affects the menstrual cycle in general, and it is worth noting that menstrual disorders may be associated with problems other than thyroid disorders, and returning to talk about hyperthyroidism, it is worth knowing that not diagnosing or not treating this problem properly causes disorders at the level of The menstrual cycle is as follows:

Absence of a period: Hyperthyroidism can cause menopause and the absence of menstruation for long periods of time, which is known as amenorrhea or amenorrhea.


Short period of menstruation: it is possible that the duration of the menstrual cycle is less than the average days of the menstrual cycle, which is five days.


Delayed puberty: In some teenage girls, the delay in the occurrence of the first menstrual period is associated with hyperthyroidism. The first period may be delayed until the girl reaches the age of 15 years or more.


Lack of menstrual blood: Your period may be lighter than usual.


Irregularity and interruption of menstruation: the menstrual cycle may occur every 35 or 40 days, or it may stop for a month or two and then return again, this is known as oligomenorrhea.

Impact on Fertility: Untreated hyperthyroidism affects the process of ovulation in women, which is the process of releasing an egg from the ovary in preparation for fertilization. Fertility in women, on the other hand, hyperthyroidism causes a significant decrease in the number of sperm in men, and thus a decrease in fertility, but the treatment of hyperthyroidism restores the level of sperm to its normal position.

In this context, it should be noted that some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are similar to the symptoms associated with menopause, as they may be misunderstood as early menopause symptoms.

Examples of these symptoms are: insomnia, mood swings, hot flashes, and interruption of the menstrual cycle, It is worth noting that thyroid disorders can cause early menopause to begin.

That is, before reaching the age of forty or in the early forties of age, but the treatment of hyperthyroidism may prevent the occurrence of menopause early, or at least relieve its symptoms.

Symptoms of Graves’ disease

In some cases, people with Graves’ disease suffer from an uncommon health problem known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy, a disorder that causes the eye to protrude from its socket, and this protrusion is due to swelling of the tissues and muscles behind The eye ball, which appears especially in smokers.

And the infection of this disease causes the emergence of a group of symptoms that may differ from one person to another, some may suffer from redness in the eye and slight pain, while others may suffer from dryness and swelling in the eyes in addition to severe pain, and in cases Rarely, the patient may suffer from double vision in addition to other eye problems.

Symptoms of a thyroid storm

Failure to treat the problem of hyperthyroidism may lead to the occurrence of what is known as a thyroid storm, which is a serious condition of hyperthyroidism, and it may occur as a result of the body’s exposure to certain stress, such as undergoing surgery.

Or abruptly stopping the use of medications Antithyroids, or severe infection, and it is worth going to the emergency room to receive the necessary care as soon as you notice any of the symptoms of this problem, and among these symptoms we mention the following:

  • High temperature of more than 38 degrees Celsius.
  • Vomiting diarrhea.
  • Anxiety, extreme nervousness, irritability, confusion.
  • Loss of consciousness or coma.

You should see your doctor if you notice the appearance of any of the symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism that were mentioned previously, and it is necessary to describe these changes to the doctor accurately, as some of these symptoms are related to other health conditions, and it should be noted that it is recommended to visit the doctor periodically in the event of undergoing excessive treatment Thyroid activity in previous or current cases, in order to monitor the health status.

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