Swollen lymph nodes, causes, treatment

Swollen lymph nodes

Swollen lymph nodes

Lymph nodes are defined as one of the soft, small structures of a spherical or oval shape, which are located in different parts throughout the body, and lymph nodes are an important part of the immune system, as they contribute to fighting infection.

Remove it: Because they contain certain types of immune cells, and despite the spread of lymph nodes throughout the body, they are often invisible, and cannot be felt when touched, but it may be possible if these glands are enlarged or swollen; Because there are different reasons.

It can also be indicated the possibility of feeling pain sometimes when touching the swollen lymph glands, or when practicing a certain movement, for example, the patient suffers from pain while bending or walking if the glands swell in the area of ​​​​the origin of the thigh, but if the glands swell.

Which are located on both sides of the neck lower jaw; They provoke pain while chewing food, or moving the head in a certain way, and in other cases the patient may not feel any pain in these swollen glands, and the occurrence of swollen lymph nodes may sometimes appear with a number of other symptoms, such as fever, chills, and fatigue, Excessive sweating, coughing, and a runny nose.

Causes of swollen lymph nodes

Enlargement of the lymph nodes may occur in a specific part of the body, so it is called localized lymphadenopathy, and it can occur in different parts of the body, so it is called generalized lymphadenopathy. Some of them can be mentioned as follows:

  • Kawasaki disease; It is one of the rare autoimmune diseases, which is the inflammation of the blood vessels.
  • Suffering from serum sickness that occurs as a result of the immune response to certain types of drugs or treatment.
  • Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects different parts of the body.
  • Suffering from lupus erythematosus.
  • An overactive thyroid gland.
  • Incidence of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Niemann-Pick disease; It is a genetic disease that affects the metabolism of the body.
  • Gaucher disease; It is a rare genetic disease.
  • Infection with blood diseases, such as: leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Suffering from angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy.

Infection, and among the types of infections that may cause swollen lymph nodes are the following:

  • Flu.
  • Sinus infection.
  • skin infection;
  • Gum and tooth infection.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
  • German measles virus.
  • HIV infection.
  • Lyme disease.
  • arcuate gondii.
  • Infection with sexually transmitted diseases, such as: gonorrhea and syphilis.

See a doctor for swollen lymph nodes

The gland returns to its normal size after the removal of infection or disease in most cases of swollen lymph nodes, but in certain cases there is a need to see a doctor immediately for swollen lymph nodes, as some of these cases can be clarified as follows:

  • The area around the gland changes color to red or purple, is warm, or has pus.
  • Notice that the glands are swollen significantly.
  • Enlargement of the glands persists for more than 2-4 weeks in adults, and more than five days in children.
  • Feeling of firmness in the swollen glands, and their firmness in place when pressed.
  • Fever and its continuation.
  • Night sweats.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • The presence of swelling in the groin area, or the arm.
  • Sudden swelling of the lymph nodes.

Diagnosis of swollen lymph nodes

The doctor diagnoses the cause of swollen lymph nodes by following a number of different procedures and methods, some of which can be mentioned as follows:

  • Conducting a physical examination, noting the patient’s symptoms, and knowing his health history.
  • Examination of the enlarged lymph nodes in terms of feeling pain, the size of the enlargement, its consistency, and its location.
  • Reviewing all medications that the patient is taking, as some medications may be a cause of enlarged lymph nodes, such as: Phenytoin.
  • Taking into account the potential risk factors for the injured, such as the use of intravenous drugs, sexual practices, and so on.
  • Conducting blood tests if there is a possibility of infection with a specific disease.
  • perform imaging tests; In order to evaluate the lymph nodes and other parts of the body, and find out the cause of the swelling, these tests include: ultrasound imaging test, computed tomography, x-ray imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging.
  • a lymph node biopsy; Where a needle-like instrument is used to take a sample of lymph gland cells, and examine them in the laboratory.

Swollen lymph nodes treatment

There are a number of treatment options that can be resorted to in case of swollen lymph nodes, and some of them can be mentioned as follows:

  • Medical treatment, some of which can be mentioned as follows: resorting to radiotherapy, surgery, or chemotherapy in case the inflation was caused by a malignant tumor.
  • Treatment with antibiotics, or antivirals if the enlargement is caused by an infection.
  • Draining the abscess content from the infected fluid if an abscess is present.
  • Home treatment, there are a number of home methods that can be resorted to in cases of swollen lymph nodes, including: Be sure to take enough fluids, such as juice and water.
  • Take pain relievers, such as: acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
  • Get enough rest, as this helps to recover from the disease.
  • Put a warm, wet compress on the affected area.

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