Smoking and colon health

Smoking and colon health

Effects of smoking on the colon

There is no doubt that smoking damages the heart, respiratory system, and lungs in particular, and smoking also has a significant negative impact on the health of the colon and rectum.

As it is believed that the toxins and carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke may damage DNA and body tissues over time. time, and therefore many health problems may appear on the health of the body, including the colon.

Smoking and the colon

Irritable bowel syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be defined as a chronic disorder of the large intestine that requires long-term treatment. It is a common and non-serious condition, and it is not considered an infectious or cancerous disease.

But irritable bowel syndrome may cause the patient to feel nervous and disturbed, and this can negatively affect his ability to carry out his daily activities, and in fact, irritable bowel syndrome patients often suffer from digestive sensitivity to some types of foods, which can cause irritation to the colon and irritate the colon. symptoms when ingested.

In general, smoking is one of the worst factors that trigger the development of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Its components enter the bloodstream, and pass through the digestive system, which may affect all its parts, and this may result in aggravating the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, which include.

Feeling pain and cramps in the abdominal area, diarrhea, constipation, feeling bloated, belching, and the accumulation of gases, Moreover, smoking can also cause heartburn and stomach acid reflux, which are two conditions that irritable bowel syndrome patients are likely to suffer from, and about the mechanism of the effect of smoking on the digestive system and causing heartburn and acid reflux.

It can be said that smoking has negative effects on the esophageal sphincter, as it may cause it to weaken, and this may result in an increase in the production of stomach acids and its flow into the lower part of the esophagus, and at the same time smoking may reduce the production of sodium bicarbonate. By the pancreas, an important substance in neutralizing stomach acids.

Smoking and inflammatory bowel disease

There are two types of inflammatory bowel disease (inflammatory bowel disease).

They are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, and the effect of smoking in each case can be stated as follows:

How to clean the lungs of smokers

Crohn’s disease: It often affects the lower part of the small intestine, causing diarrhea and abdominal cramps. It should be noted that smoking may make a person more susceptible to Crohn’s disease, as, as we mentioned previously, tobacco smoke contains many substances that may affect the intestine in different ways. different; Including: nicotine, free radicals, and carbon monoxide, and smoking may result in many problems and changes in the immune system, and may cause changes in the bacteria naturally present in the gut, in addition to its impact on how genes work, and these factors are all It may make a person more likely to develop Crohn’s disease, and the most important complications and damage that smoking may cause to patients with Crohn’s disease can be stated as follows:

  • The development of more severe complications and symptoms compared to non-smokers, including: suffering from narrowing of the intestine, which may cause serious obstruction.
  • Increasing the likelihood of patients needing to undergo surgeries.
  • An increased risk of developing flare-ups, compared to non-smokers.
  • reduce their response to immunosuppressive drugs, it may be resorted to prescribing them in some cases of Crohn’s; But it may be ineffective in smokers, and examples of which are: Biologic drugs and steroids.
  • An increased risk of developing fistulas, which are abnormal internal openings that appear in the form of channels, which may require surgery to control the problem.
  • Increased risk of developing complications and health problems outside the intestines, such as: eye disorders, arthritis, skin problems, and weak bones known medically as osteoporosis.

Ulcerative colitis: an inflammatory disease that usually attacks the lining of the colon, causing inflammation and the formation of small sores, which may lead to abdominal pain, diarrhea, and extreme fatigue, and some studies have indicated that ulcerative colitis is less common among smokers compared to non-smokers, but this does not negate the existence of many health risks of smoking; According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking can increase the risk of lung cancer, stroke, and heart disease, and its effect may reach almost all parts of the body.

Effects of quitting smoking on the colon

Quitting smoking is one of the most important steps that bring many health benefits to the body, as as we mentioned earlier, smokers are exposed to many serious health problems, and once they quit smoking, there will be a noticeable improvement in the body that begins within hours and continues after that, including positive changes In the digestive system, which will be shown in the following:

  • Return the balance between substances that protect the stomach, the lining of the duodenum and harmful substances to normal.
  • reduce the risk of smoking-related diseases; Such as coli polyps, but there will still be an increased risk of developing them compared to people who have never smoked during their lives.
  • Symptoms improve significantly in patients with Crohn’s disease, or another disease associated with IBD.
  • Enhanced chance of living for a longer period of time.

Tags: body care

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