Prevention of rickets and vitamin D deficiency

Rickets and Vitamin D

Rickets and vitamin D

Rickets and vitamin D are related to each other, and vitamin D usually affects whether or not this disease appears first. What is rickets?

Rickets is a fairly common disease in developing countries, and rare in developed countries.

It is a disease that often occurs as a result of malnutrition and a deficiency of some bone-forming elements such as
calcium, vitamin D, and phosphate, which leads to soft, weak, and easily broken bones.

In some severe cases, it may lead to skeletal abnormalities, and although rickets is more common in children between
the ages of six months and three years due to the rapid growth rate in this period.

rickets can also affect adults and is called In this case, the term osteomalacia, and it should be noted that rickets may
be caused by a liver disease, or a digestive system problem in some cases.

The relationship of rickets and vitamin D

Although there are a number of different causes that may lead to rickets, vitamin D deficiency is considered the main
cause of the disease, as vitamin D plays an important role in helping to absorb calcium and phosphate from the
intestines and regulating their levels in the body, and vitamin D deficiency in the body leads To an imbalance in the
proportion of calcium and phosphate in the blood.

The relationship of rickets to vitamin D
The relationship of rickets to vitamin D

Which causes the body to secrete a hormone that withdraws quantities of calcium and phosphate from the bones,
leading to weak and soft bones, and vitamin D can be obtained from many different food sources, such as fish, eggs,
and milk products, and it should be noted.

The human body is able to manufacture vitamin D when exposed to sunlight.

So it is necessary to ensure that children get an integrated diet, and expose them to sunlight on a regular basis, and it
is worth noting that the incidence of rickets in children decreased during previous years in developed countries as a
result of Baby foods fortified with nutrients, including vitamin D.

Learn about the most important vitamins for the body and their sources

Symptoms of rickets

There are many different symptoms that may accompany rickets, and the severity of symptoms varies from person to
person, and may be intermittent in some cases. The following is a list of some common symptoms:

  • Feeling pain in the bones.
  • Bones are easily fractured.
  • Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the limbs in infants.
  • Feel the softness of the baby’s skull.
  • Low level of calcium in the blood.
  • The cartilaginous ribs bulge in the chest, and the bones protrude in the area where the ribs connect to the breastbone.
  • The appearance of Harrison’s groove, which is a horizontal line that appears clearly at the point of contact of the diaphragm with the ribs of the chest.
  • Knees hitting each other in older children.
  • Short stature of the child, and low weight.
  • The appearance of deformities in the pelvis, spine, and skull in some cases.
  • Muscle spasms may involve all parts of the body.

Risk factors for rickets

There are some factors that may increase the risk of developing rickets, including the following:

  • Premature birth: the chance of contracting the disease increases in children who did not complete the normal pregnancy period and were born early.
  • People with black skin: The body’s ability to produce vitamin D from sunlight is weaker in these people, while it is high in people with light skin.
  • Taking some types of medications: Some types of medications interfere with the body’s ability to benefit from vitamin D, such as some antiviral medications used to treat AIDS, in addition to medications used to treat nervous attacks.
  • Limiting the child’s feeding to breast-feeding: Mother’s milk does not contain sufficient amounts of vitamin D, so children who are fed breast milk should be given drops of the nutritional supplement that contains vitamin D, or add some foods appropriate for the child’s age to his diet.
  • Decreased exposure to the sun: The risk of developing rickets increases in children who live in countries located at the northern latitudes of the globe, because of their reduced exposure to the sun.
  • Vitamin D deficiency in the pregnant mother: A pregnant mother’s deficiency in vitamin D during pregnancy may lead to the birth of the child with some symptoms of rickets, or the appearance of symptoms of the disease within a few months of birth.

rickets treatment

The treatment of rickets depends on the main cause that led to the disease, and if the disease is caused by a health
problem such as kidney disease, the focus is on treating or controlling this problem.

In the case, giving phosphorous and vitamin D drugs in their active form, and in cases of rickets resulting from poor
nutrition, it is advised to eat diets rich in calcium, phosphate, and vitamin D.

Or to take nutritional supplements such as fish oil, and increase exposure to sunlight, and exposure to ultraviolet rays,
and may need The patient is required to take calcium and vitamin D supplements on a daily basis.

And to receive a needle containing vitamin D annually.

Tags: bone diseases

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