Family violence against children
(Family violence against children)
Violence is considered a phenomenon that threatens the security and safety of children, as it is a hidden, undeclared or authorized behavior, and children witness harmful practices that violate their psychological, physical and even sexual rights.
To different stages of the child’s life, it affects the child’s structure, composition, paths, impressions and interactions.
It is also often preserved in the child’s memory so that it remains firmly in his mind for life. This causes many problems that go beyond childhood to advanced stages of life, including what the concerned child suffers from. depression and psychological crises.
Defining domestic violence
Family violence is defined as direct and indirect activities and actions that target a family member, or are directed towards him with the intent of physical or psychological harm, or to cause verbal or sexual harm.
Often these activities or actions are directed at one of the two weakest poles within the family: the woman and the child.
The use of force within the family is a form of violence, especially when force is used by an adult family member against a woman or a child.
Family violence is also defined as the infliction of psychological or physical abuse that is accompanied by material harm or moral effect that violates the law and requires punishment.
Defining family violence against children and its types
Family violence directed against children means the totality of behaviors and activities that threaten the security of the child and his psychological and physical stability, or the use of force and inflicting psychological or physical harm on him within the family environment by his parents or one of those who care for him
And this includes all forms of severe beatings, or intentional beatings, or Corporal punishment, or the continuation of ridicule, humiliation and mockery of his right.
Or neglect and failure to care for him and provide his health, psychological, social and physical necessities, or exploit him in work that exceeds his capacity. There are many types of violence directed at children, including:
Physical abuse: It is a form of violence resulting from the deliberate behavior of one or both parents within the family, or one of the individuals surrounding the child within the family environment, and this behavior usually results in physical harm or direct physical harm to the child such as beating, poisoning, or burning. tying up, trapping, or causing pain, and physical harm to the child may occur indirectly; Such as withholding treatment from the child, or not providing him with food, or not giving him enough of it, or being negligent in preventing harm from reaching him.
Psychological abuse: Psychological harm directed at a child includes all types of deliberate behavior practiced by parents, family members, or those around them against children in the family, or one of them, causing psychological pain or damage to the child’s mental health, and there are many types of psychological harm that a child may face within his family. ; Such as threats, intimidation, humiliation, ostracism, verbal abuse, ridicule, and neglect, and the behavior of discrimination, discrimination and preference among children within the family is one of the forms of psychological abuse, in addition to deprivation of kindness, or failure to show love and tenderness, or demanding tasks that are difficult or unrealistic. The child do.
Sexual abuse: Child sexual abuse is actual or potential sexual exploitation by a family member for the purpose of achieving sexual gratification through the child, through forced sexual intercourse or through deception by older persons.
Effects of family violence on children
The psychological, physical, social and emotional effects appear clearly in the future of abused children, in varying proportions and degrees, depending on the developmental stage during which the child was exposed to violence, and on the nature and type of violence that the child faced.
Violence causes the child to lose self-confidence, and thus he develops a feeling of fear and reluctance to take any action.
The violence that the child is exposed to inside the home is reflected in his behavior and behavior outside the home, especially in the school or the street, and he discharges this violence through bad behaviors and undesirable impressions.
Violence that children are subjected to leads to their saturation in it, and its circulation as the first solution to the problems they face in their working lives, and it also reinforces their tantrums.
Family violence also leads to an increase in the child’s feeling of frustration and weakness in his personality, and thus negatively affects his achievements, his future life and all aspects of life.
Violence may cause the child to make a rebellious personality, which represents his unjustified rejection of any decision or opinion without giving reasons or alternative solutions, and this personality may be reflected on his life reality when he grows old.
Ways to reduce domestic violence against children
Domestic violence against children can be reduced by:
Spreading the harms and dangers of violence against children and its forms and types, and raising awareness of the family through the media and community institutions; Such as educational institutions, mosques, and youth homes.
Legislating laws and provisions relating to children subjected to violence in all its forms and ensuring their rights.
Continuous follow-up of children who have been subjected to violence, and providing psychological support through psychological counseling programs in educational institutions, and during all stages.
Organizing awareness sessions and rehabilitation sessions for families and parents; To explain the dangers and forms of violence against children, in addition to mentioning the most important ways and methods of sound family upbringing.
Confronting the phenomenon of child labor under the legal working age and their exploitation by all community institutions, parents and employers.
Providing social support and support in all its forms and to the fullest extent for children subjected to sexual abuse and violence, given the severe impact of damages to the child’s psyche, trends and future.
The importance of protecting children from domestic violence
Childhood is defined as a stage of the human being that extends from his birth until he reaches adulthood, and is characterized by important characteristics, most notably the emergence of his independent personality and his intellectual, behavioral and psychological construction.
This stage requires special care and great attention on the part of the family and the environment that fosters the child, as it is a sensitive stage in which the child’s behaviors and emotions are shaped to form the solid and coherent building of his personality, thus growing up as a human being with a normal structure and social and psychological structure.