Tips and treatment tips to relieve vomiting
Here is a set of recommendations and treatment tips that can be followed to treat children who suffer from vomiting or nausea at home.
Monitor dehydration and fluid loss
Dehydration is one of the most causes for concern in cases of vomiting, and dehydration means the body has lost more water than the normal limit.
This dehydrates them quickly, so it is necessary to pay attention to the issue of dehydration in children when they vomit and follow the necessary measures that suit the severity and degree of dehydration when it occurs, and this can be indicated as follows:
Slight dehydration: Symptoms of slight dehydration include thirst and a somewhat dry mouth, and this type of dehydration requires follow-up and monitoring only to track the patient’s condition and the extent of the severity of the dehydration, and thus it does not need any kind of emergency or urgent medical intervention.
Moderate or severe dehydration: Urgent medical advice must be sought here, and symptoms of moderate or severe dehydration include: Dry mouth, lack of urination, this is shown by the child not going to the toilet or the dryness of the diaper in infants within six hours, the lack of tears when the child cries, the coldness or sweating of the child’s limbs, the child’s lack of activity and lethargy, difficulty or rapid breathing, and darkening of the area around the eyes, The fontanelle is immersed inward, which is also known as the fontanelle in infants, or its flatness. In addition, one of the symptoms of severe dehydration is the weakness of the child and his feeling of dizziness and unsteadiness when trying to stand.
Causes of vomiting in children
Vomiting results from a reflex reaction as a result of stimulating the vomiting center in the brain to forcefully contract the abdominal muscles and diaphragm while the stomach is relaxing. This center is stimulated in several ways that can be mentioned as follows:
Stimulation of the nerves in the stomach and intestines as a result of irritation or swelling of the digestive tract caused by an infection or blockage.
Presence of chemicals in the blood, such as medicines.
Exposure to a psychological stimulus, such as: some disturbing sights or smells.
Stimulation from the middle ear, as occurs in vomiting associated with motion sickness.
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
In most cases, vomiting occurs in children with gastroenteritis, or what is known as Stomach flu, caused by infection, which is caused by common viruses that are dealt with on a daily basis.
Rotavirus and Norovirus are among the most common causes of this condition, while some types of bacteria may cause infection, such as Escherichia coli, or as it is known as E. coli or salmonella.
Salmonella, in addition to vomiting, this inflammation causes other symptoms that begin to appear 12-48 hours after infection with the virus, and these symptoms include nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea, and this inflammation is characterized by that it does not usually last for a long time and constitutes more of a nuisance than a danger.
As it begins The child will improve within 1-3 days, and it is worth noting that the norovirus may cause a slight rise in temperature in some cases, while it may not cause this in others, which is It is contagious and is usually transmitted to the child in three ways:
- Contact with someone who has the virus.
- Eating food contaminated with the virus.
- Touching the mouth or nose without washing hands after touching surfaces contaminated with the virus.