Prenatal vitamins for you and your baby

Prenatal vitamins for you and your baby

Prenatal vitamins are nutritional supplements that usually contain concentrated mineral compounds and vitamins that a woman’s body needs most during pregnancy.

Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or want to have children need more vitamins and minerals at this time in their lives, especially folic acid.

What are the most important vitamins necessary for women in the prenatal period to compensate for the deficiency and receive the newborn with a healthy and healthy body.

Prenatal vitamins

You must get enough nutrients in your diet especially in the prenatal period as many women use prenatal supplements to ensure they are getting all the vitamins and minerals necessary to ensure their health and the health of the fetus.

Prenatal vitamins for you and your baby
Prenatal vitamins for you and your baby

In this article, we will learn about the most important vitamins necessary for a pregnant woman for the prenatal period and why they are necessary:

What are prenatal vitamins

Prenatal vitamins are nutritional supplements that usually contain concentrated mineral compounds and vitamins that a woman’s body needs most during pregnancy.

Ideally, when a woman is planning to become pregnant, is pregnant, or is breast-feeding.
she takes prenatal nutrients as separate supplements which are often easiest to take as a multivitamin supplement.

There are many prenatal vitamins to choose from including those available at the drugstore or online.

Sometimes a doctor may prescribe prenatal vitamins for women who have special health concerns or who have a special condition that requires these vitamins to be included in their diet.

The decision to take prenatal supplements depends on the important nutrients they contain.
depending on many factors such as diet, age, and activity level.
so that every woman differs from another in her need for these vitamins and the quantities and doses that must be regular according to her health status and her need for these elements.

The importance of prenatal vitamins

Taking special prenatal vitamins may reduce the risk of complications for the mother and the developing fetus.
as well as help the mother complete her pregnancy without causing any shortage of essential nutrients during this period.

What are the most important prenatal vitamins

What are the most important prenatal vitamins
What are the most important prenatal vitamins

Folic acid:

Folic acid is an important component of the B group of vitamins needed for pregnancy more than any other period. Women should start taking folic acid three to four months before conception:

  • Taking folic acid before conception and during pregnancy helps reduce the risk of tube defects
    Nervous system where folic acid is also known as vitamin B9 as well.

Neural tubes are fetal structures that eventually form the fetal spine and brain.
Neural tube defects can cause serious problems in the fetal spine and brain.
including spina bifida, a condition in which parts of the spine do not close properly.

  • Folic acid also helps a pregnant woman’s body to form red blood cells.
    which may reduce the risk of anemia, as a deficiency of this vitamin can cause anemia for a pregnant woman and pregnancy complications.
    such as weight loss at birth, premature birth or anemia when infants.
  • A woman’s recommended amount of folic acid: at least 400 mcg before pregnancy, 600 mcg during pregnancy and 500 mcg during breastfeeding.
  • Sources of folic acid: Legumes, orange juice, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, soybeans, almonds and peanuts.

It is an important prenatal vitamin

iron element:

Pregnant women need twice the recommended amount of iron in periods other than pregnancy because iron is another important component of red blood cells.

Pregnant women who do not get enough iron may develop iron deficiency anemia.

Recommended dose of elemental iron: 27 mg during pregnancy and 9 to 10 mg during breastfeeding. It is an important prenatal vitamin

zinc element:

Zinc supports the body’s immune system and helps the body make proteins, break down cells, and make new cell DNA.

Recommended dose of elemental zinc: 11 mg during pregnancy and 12 mg during lactation.

Vitamin B12:

This vitamin helps the body form healthy red blood cells and neurons, which are specialized cells in the spinal cord and brain. This vitamin also helps these cells function properly.

Recommended dose of this vitamin: 2.6 to 2.8 mcg.
It is an important prenatal vitamin

Calcium and Vitamin D:

Calcium and Vitamin D work together to help the fetus’s bones and teeth grow.

Vitamin D is also important for the development of the eyes and for healthy skin cells and this vitamin is necessary for the absorption of calcium during pregnancy.
so it is recommended that pregnant mothers be exposed to adequate sunlight during this time and to consume sources of vitamin D because if there is a deficiency in this vitamin means that there is a deficiency in the level of calcium In the child’s blood, his bones and teeth are not formed well.

And sources of vitamin D include fortified milk, tuna, egg yolk and fish liver oil. It is an important prenatal vitamin

Your fetus growing in your tummy needs calcium to have a healthy heart, bones, joints and a nerve network, so if it doesn’t get enough calcium during this period, the fetus will use up your bone reserves as this can be a problem for you later or during pregnancy. of dairy products (each unit contains 1 cup of milk or yogurt or 2 cups of buttermilk) will meet your calcium needs during pregnancy.

Sources of calcium: Low-fat milk and dairy products, dark green leafy vegetables including kale, seafood, spinach, celery, parsley and kale.

Calcium may reduce the risk of preeclampsia, a leading cause of illness and death in pregnant women and infants.

The recommended dose of calcium: 1000-1300 mg, and vitamin D: 600 IU.

Vitamin A:

This vitamin aids in the growth and differentiation of cells and contributes to the proper development of vision and many vital organs.

However, excessive intake of vitamin A can cause fetal malformations.
which is why doctors recommend not taking vitamin A supplements except in special cases and not eating excessively foods containing this vitamin. It is an important prenatal vitamin

Vitamin A is found in animal sources such as fish liver oil, liver, milk and dairy products, and butter.
and is also found in abundance in mangoes, zucchini, tangerines, carrots, peaches, apricots, bananas, and cantaloupe.

The recommended dose of this vitamin: 750 to 770 mcg during pregnancy and 1200 to 1300 mcg during breastfeeding.

Vitamin B6:

This vitamin plays an important role in cognitive development, glucose metabolism, immune system function, and blood formation.

It also helps reduce nausea during pregnancy. It is an important prenatal vitamin

The need for vitamin B6 in pregnancy is not so high that a supplement should be taken but it is not bad to know that in cases of severe nausea and vomiting this vitamin can be used to control these symptoms but only with a doctor’s prescription.

Sources of this vitamin are fresh vegetables, meat and whole grains.

The recommended amount of this vitamin: 1.9 to 2.0 mg.

Iodine:

It is a necessary trace element for the development of the central nervous system, brain, and skeletal system.
and severe iodine deficiency in pregnant women may slow fetal growth.
cause neurodevelopmental defects, stillbirth, or miscarriage.

Recommended dose of elemental iodine: 220 mcg during pregnancy and 290 mcg during lactation.

It is an important prenatal vitamin

Fish oil or omega-3:

Prenatal vitamins should include omega-3 because some pregnant women do not get enough of this important element in their diet.

Vitamins E and C:

Prenatal multivitamins usually contain vitamins E and C as powerful antioxidants that work together to protect the body from oxidative stress.

Vitamin C also helps build collagen and metabolize folate and iron. The World Health Organization recommends that pregnant women take about 80-85 mg per day and 115-120 mg while breastfeeding.

During pregnancy, your need for vitamin C is slightly higher than it was before pregnancy.
and this is done by drinking a glass of orange juice and eating half a red pepper or kiwi.
Some studies have shown that a lack of vitamin C increases the risk of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.
but if it is Have a healthy diet and eat fresh fruits and vegetables daily.
you will not be deficient in this vitamin.

Sources of vitamin C: citrus fruits, kiwis, sweet peppers, mangoes, tomatoes

Taking vitamins E and C together during pregnancy may reduce oxidative stress and related complications.
such as: pre-eclampsia, premature bladder rupture, and intrauterine growth restriction.

When should a pregnant woman start taking these vitamins

Ideally, women should start taking prenatal vitamins a few months before conception and continue to take them while breastfeeding.

For example, women may want to take 400 to 800 micrograms of folic acid daily for at least three months before conception and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

Do all pregnant women need to take prenatal vitamins

It is well known that a balanced and healthy diet during pregnancy can help cover all the nutrients that a pregnant woman takes in, but nevertheless.
sometimes she needs some help as the pregnant body needs more folic acid and iron during pregnancy than usual.

Getting enough of these two nutrients from the diet can be difficult, so you can make up for the deficiency by taking prenatal vitamins to replace them. Some research suggests that taking prenatal vitamins can reduce the risk of a low birth weight baby.

Do all pregnant women need to take prenatal vitamins
Do all pregnant women need to take prenatal vitamins

However, just because you take your prenatal vitamins doesn’t mean it’s not important to eat a healthy diet and get many different nutrients.

Therefore, every pregnant woman must take prenatal vitamins after consulting a specialist doctor and conducting the necessary examinations and tests.

Side effects of prenatal vitamins

Women should speak to their doctor or pharmacist before taking prenatal vitamins to avoid potential side effects or interactions. Nutrients from prenatal supplements can cause side effects and in most cases mild to moderate digestive.
problems such as the following:

  • feeling sick
  • heartburn.
  • Diarrhea.
  • constipation

But women usually only experience more serious or severe side effects when they take too many prenatal vitamins or very high doses of certain vitamins.

A notable example of problems with consuming higher than recommended doses is consuming a dose of vitamin A over 10,000 IU or 3,000 mcg, which can cause birth defects as well as bone loss and liver damage.

Therefore, women who experience side effects of prenatal vitamins or develop some symptoms that they cannot explain or link to a specific condition should stop taking the vitamins and speak with their doctor or pharmacist.

Women who experience severe side effects should seek medical advice immediately.

Every pregnant woman should consult her doctor before taking any nutritional supplement or prenatal vitamin.

Vegetarian women may need prenatal vitamins with higher doses of nutrients than non-vegetarian women, which are difficult to obtain from plant sources alone.

Vegetarian women may also need a prenatal vitamin in the form of a pill or capsule with a vegetable coating that does not contain gelatin.

Pregnant women who are taking any medication or dietary supplement should consult their physician.

Taking iron tablets on an empty stomach can worsen nausea.

Important Tips

Women can take prenatal vitamins at any time of the day but it is best to avoid taking them before bedtime as they may cause insomnia and inability to sleep.

Women who suffer from morning sickness can take vitamins at other times of the day than in the morning.

Paying attention to the dose of vitamins and taking them with food and water may reduce the risk of minor side effects as women who still experience minor side effects from prenatal vitamins after considering these considerations can try different brands or formulas to help them get rid of these side effects side.

Choose supplements that are free of fillers, toxins, binders, and heavy metals.

Your doctor can help you find prenatal vitamins that maintain health and nutritional considerations while avoiding potential interactions or complications.

It is best to take these supplements with a glass of water, not milk, to help absorb some of the minerals.

Don’t stop taking iron supplements because of constipation. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and fiber, and drink plenty of water.

If nausea worsens after taking a supplement, talk to your doctor about choosing the right type for you. Some pregnant women tolerate liquid or chewable supplements better than pills to swallow.

Iron tablets will be absorbed more if taken between two main meals with a small snack rich in vitamin C.

Tags: Pregnancy, stages of pregnancy

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