Oral thrush arises as a result of infection with a type of fungus called Candida, a type of yeast fungus, and appears in the form of a white rash inside the mouth, and oral fungi can infect anyone.
But there are categories It is more affected than others: Such as children, the elderly, and those who suffer from immunodeficiency.
Candida fungus is usually found in small quantities inside the mouth without causing any kind of harm, but if it grows large inside the mouth, it causes oral fungi.
Oral thrush is a simple disease that does not cause complications unless the patient suffers from immunodeficiency or weakness. Oral thrush is a non-contagious disease, and it is easily and successfully treated with antifungals.
Oral fungus treatment
The treatment of oral fungi varies according to the age and general health of the affected person.
The treatment aims to stop the growth and spread of the fungus.
The drug treatment for fungi includes the following antifungal drugs:
- Fluconazole: It is taken orally.
- Clotrimazole: It is taken orally but must be left inside the mouth until it dissolves.
- Nystatin: It is usually in the form of a mouthwash that is rinsed and then swallowed.
- itraconazole: It is taken orally, and is usually given to patients who do not respond to initial treatment or is used to treat fungi in people with AIDS.
- Amphotericin B: It is used in severe cases.
To treat fungus at home, the following things must be followed:
- Brushing the teeth using a soft brush, taking into account not to scrape the places where the fungus is.
- Change the toothbrush daily until the infected person recovers from the fungus.
- Do not use mouthwashes or sprays.
- Use a saline rinse.
- Try to control blood sugar in case of diabetes.
- Eat unsweetened yogurt to try to restore the proper ratio of good bacteria.
In the case of infants infected with fungi, the mother and child must be treated; so that reinfection does not occur; That is, the injury returns after it has healed, and for that, the following must be done:
Using an antifungal medicine for the baby, and an antifungal cream applied to the mother’s breast.
washing the child’s pacifier, the nipple of the milk bottle, and all feeding accessories with a solution prepared from water and vinegar; So that the water makes up half of the solution and vinegar the other half, then it is left in the air to dry.
Use nursing pads to prevent fungus from getting on clothes.
It is worth noting that the patient needs a few weeks – usually two weeks – from the time of starting the drug to recover, but the risk of developing the same infection in the future remains high unless the person has a healthy immune system and is free of disease.
Oral fungus causes
It must be known that in a normal health situation, there are small amounts of fungi naturally in the mouth, alimentary canal and skin, and they are usually found under the control of some other types of microbes in the body.
That is, they are in balance with each other, and the immune system uses these beneficial microbes to prevent fungi and harmful bacteria from multiplying, but this balance may be disturbed due to taking some medications such as.
Steroids, antibiotics, or as a result of stress and anxiety, or infection with some diseases such as uncontrolled diabetes, AIDS, iron deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency, and deficiency Thyroid hormone, dry mouth, or hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, smoking and inappropriately sized dentures increase the chance of developing oral fungi.
It is worth noting that fungi are transmitted from infants to their mothers through breastfeeding, and oral fungi may also cause a lack of attention to oral and dental hygiene, as well as chemotherapy and radiation used to treat cancer.
Oral thrush symptoms
There are many symptoms that appear when you have oral thrush, which may make eating and drinking difficult. Symptoms of oral thrush include:
- White spots inside the mouth that bleed as soon as they are scraped.
- Loss of taste or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
- redness of the mouth and throat;
- Cracked corners of the mouth.
- Feeling of pain and burning inside the mouth.
And when infants infected with oral fungi, they suffer from difficulty in feeding, in addition to agitation and discomfort. As for the nursing mother, she suffers from the following:
- Feeling of itching, sensitivity and pain in the nipple.
- Scaly or shiny skin around the nipple.
- Feeling severe pain during feeding.
- Feeling of sharp pain or tingling in the breast.
Oral thrush complications
Oral thrush complications do not appear in all infected people; As people with healthy and strong immunity do not have any kind of complications, as for those who suffer from weak immunity due to some diseases, medications or other reasons.
Complications may appear to them in a clear form, including the spread of fungi and their entry into the bloodstream, which in turn leads to the occurrence of many problems and imbalances in the various organs and organs of the body, such as.
The liver, brain, heart, etc., and the fungi in this case are called invasive candidiasis It may be accompanied by a feeling of fever and chills, which do not improve even with the administration of antibiotics.
Prevention of oral thrush
To prevent oral thrush infection, the following guidelines should be followed:
Maintaining the health and safety of the mouth and teeth by brushing the teeth and using dental floss, especially if the person has diabetes or uses different dentures.
- Rinse your mouth after using steroid sprays.
- Add milk to the daily diet in cases of taking antibiotics.
- Treating vaginal yeast infection, especially during pregnancy.
- Do not wear dentures at night and keep them clean.
- stop smoking.
- Mouth rinse after meals.
- Regular visits to the dentist.
What is the treatment for tongue fungus?
Oral fungi causes the appearance of prominent white, cream-colored dots on the tongue and inside the cheek and may reach the tonsils and esophagus, causing pain and difficulty swallowing in addition to itching, and in some cases it causes a rise in body temperature.
Oral fungi appears as a result of an imbalance between the beneficial bacteria and the fungi naturally present in the mouth (Candida albicans) due to factors that weaken the beneficial bacteria and the fungi dominate them.
And among these factors: the use of some contraceptives, the increased use of antibiotics – especially from the family of Penicillin – and its misuse and also the use of corticosteroids, not brushing the teeth well, especially after eating sweets, diabetics may suffer from oral fungi as well, lack of body immunity for one reason or another, vitamin B12 deficiency and others.
The fungi can also be transmitted from the child to the nursing mother.
Before we address the treatment, we must know how to prevent fungi:
- First: Using antibiotics correctly and for the purposes for which they are used.
- Second: clean the teeth well and take care of them.
- Third: Do not eat a lot of sweets.
- Fourth: Stay away from anxiety and stress, which in turn may cause a decrease in immunity.
- Fifth: Avoid smoking.
- Sixth: The child can be given water after drinking milk, as this will remove the remainder of the milk inside the mouth, and thus reduce the chance of the appearance of oral fungi.
what kills a fungal infection in the mouth?
- First: The most important step in the treatment is the use of antifungals, which are available in the form of an oral gel, including oral drops for children. In the form of an oral gel, fluconazole or itraconazole in the form of capsules, and in advanced cases where these fungi reach the esophagus, amphotericin B can be used.
- Second: Use mouth rinses such as hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine.
- Third: the use of (probiotics), as they help stimulate the body to eliminate fungi by rebuilding its defenses against the abnormal sleep of these fungi.
- And probiotics are found in milk and they are sold in pharmacies in the form of capsules, they help in the digestion process.
- Oral thrush is not considered a serious disease, it can be treated and cured, but it is considered dangerous for those who suffer from immunodeficiency because it is difficult to control.
- Follow the tips to prevent it and stick to the treatment instructions prescribed to you.
- And do not forget to ask your doctor or pharmacist for the appropriate treatment.