is it safe to use birth control pills for a long time ?
The contraceptive pill is one of the contraceptive methods that many women use
But what is the maximum period for the use of contraceptive pills? The answer is in this article.
Some women resort to using birth control pills as a method of birth control
But what is the maximum period for the use of contraceptive pills? What are the side effects of using birth control pills for long periods? What are the contraindications to their use?
What is the maximum length of time to use the contraceptive pill
how long should contraceptive pills be taken ?
Many women may wonder about the maximum period for using birth control pills, if your general health is good, you can use birth control pills safely throughout the period you want to prevent pregnancy during, or until you reach menopause, under the supervision of a doctor.
This applies to birth control pills that contain both progesterone and estrogen or those that contain only progesterone.
The safety and safety of using the contraceptive pill for long periods of time depends on the health of the woman, her age, medical history, and risk factors that may increase the possibility of some side effects.
Therefore, it is not possible to determine the maximum period for the use of the contraceptive pill, as it can be used safely for many years in the absence of anything to prevent its use, and if the specialist doctor recommends it.
What are the side effects of long-term use of birth control pills
After discussing the maximum duration of contraceptive pill use, it is necessary to know the possible side effects of long-term use of contraceptive pills.
Contraceptive pills contain hormones, which may cause some health problems and side effects
Long-term use of the contraceptive pill may be associated with some side effects, most notably:
- Increased risk of developing certain types of cancer, such as: breast cancer, liver cancer, and cervical cancer
- Increased risk of blood clots and heart attacks after the age of 35, especially in women with high blood pressure, heart disease or diabetes, or in women who smoke.
- Increasing the severity of migraine attacks in women with a history of migraine, due to the estrogen hormone that is present in some types of birth control pills.
- Changes in mood or sexual desire in some women when using birth control pills for long periods
- Increased risk of several diseases, such as: stroke, gallbladder disease, and liver cancer.
What are the contraindications to the use of contraceptive pills
Your doctor may suggest stopping birth control pills and using other non-hormonal methods in some cases, most notably:
- Jaundice during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills
- Having a migraine
- Having a history of severe high blood pressure or stroke
- Planning to have surgery that will limit movement.
- Obesity and high body mass index
- Chest pain or heart attacks
- Having uterine cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, or heart disease
- Irregular menstruation or bleeding
- Having blood clots in the arms, legs, or lungs
- Postpartum periods.
What are the alternatives to birth control pills
There are many long-term contraceptive options available that can be used for extended periods, as most contraceptives contain hormones.
Which either stops ovulation or increases the thickness of cervical mucus, which makes it difficult for the ovum and sperm to meet.
Among the most prominent long-term contraceptive methods:
- Contraceptive injection
- Contraceptive implants
- Vaginal ring.
- Contraceptive patch
- Surgical sterilization.
Short-term side effects of birth control pills
Many women resort to birth control pills to temporarily or permanently postpone pregnancy, and birth control pills are safe for most women, but they are like any other medications.It can cause some risks and side effects.
Therefore, a gynecologist should be consulted before using contraceptives and know all the information about them and the correct way to use them, in order to avoid the damage they can cause.
Hormonal contraceptives contain synthetic progesterone or estrogen combined with progesterone, and so can affect the body’s natural hormone levels.
A woman may experience some side effects shortly after taking them, and these symptoms often disappear within several months, as the body adapts to these medications.
Possible short-term side effects of birth control pills include:
1. Intermenstrual bleeding
This bleeding usually goes away within three months of starting the pill.
The hormones in birth control pills can increase your chances of getting headaches, and symptoms often improve over time.
Some women experience mild nausea when they first take the contraceptive pill, and the feeling of nausea often subsides gradually, and a doctor should be consulted if it has not gone away for more than 3 months.
4. Pain and tenderness in the breast
Birth control pills may cause breast enlargement or breast pain, and this occurs within a few weeks of taking the pills, but you should consult your doctor if these symptoms persist.
5. Weight gain
Women can experience weight gain due to fluid retention, especially around the breasts and hips.
6. Mood swings
Birth control pills may affect a woman’s mood and increase the risk of depression or other emotional changes.
7. Absence of menstruation
Sometimes, a woman may notice changes in the menstrual cycle, delay or absence, and this may be an indication of pregnancy, so a doctor should be consulted.
8. Low libido
The hormones in birth control pills can affect the sexual desire of some women, and if sexual desire continues to decrease, it is advised to speak with the doctor.
9. Abnormal vaginal discharge
Some changes in vaginal secretions may occur in women while taking birth control pills, and you may notice an increase or decrease in secretions during intercourse, causing vaginal dryness and pain during sex.
Long-term side effects of birth control pills
Long-term side effects of birth control pills can also appear, and they are as follows:
1. Cardiovascular problems
Combined pills can slightly increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack, stroke and blood clots.
Therefore, a woman who suffers from high blood pressure or has a family history of blood clots, heart attacks or strokes should tell her doctor about this to determine the appropriate method of pregnancy for her.
2. Increase your chances of getting some types of cancer
The chances of developing some types of cancer may increase as a result of taking birth control pills that contain female hormones, most notably breast and cervical cancer.
The effect of birth control pills on the chances of getting pregnant
After stopping birth control pills, a woman can get pregnant naturally in most cases, when choosing the appropriate birth control pills and adhering to the instructions specified by the doctor.
In normal cases, the menstrual cycle returns to normal within one to three months of stopping the pill, in which case, the woman can plan to become pregnant and have children.
If the period does not return, this can be an indication that pregnancy has occurred, so the woman should take a pregnancy test.
If pregnancy does not occur, this may mean that the woman will miss her period, if her period is delayed for more than 6 months after stopping taking the pills.
However, some women may experience fertility disturbances for up to 18 months, and this is not a cause for concern, as the period during which the menstrual cycle returns may be as long as 22 months or nearly two years.
When the cycle returns to normal, a woman can become pregnant, and the best thing is to consult a doctor in case the period is delayed to find out the reasons.
There are many reasons that can affect the occurrence of pregnancy even with the return of the menstrual cycle, a woman may suffer from fertility problems or the lack of ovulation, which affects the chances of pregnancy.
The effects of contraceptive pills on the body are related to a range of factors, such as: the age group, the length of time the pill was taken, and the health status of the woman.
The effect of birth control pills on the body
Here is the effect of contraceptive pills on the body, both positive and negative, as follows:
1. Negative effect of birth control pills on the body
Contraceptive pills are a safe birth control method, and women who take birth control pills rarely suffer from side effects, which, if they appear, may include the following:
- Irregular menstrual periods.
- breast pain;
- Mood swings.
- Blood clots are more likely to occur in women over the age of 35 years.
- Vaginal bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods.
It is worth noting that some of these side effects may improve after the first three months of taking the pill.
But your doctor can sometimes prescribe a different type of birth control pill if you have some side effects.
2. Positive effect of birth control pills on the body
Although there are some side effects of birth control pills, they have some positive effects that benefit the woman’s body, and may include the following:
The pill can really help prevent pregnancy while you’re on it if taken correctly.
Birth control pills can treat heavy bleeding between menstrual periods, pain caused by endometriosis, and fibroids.
Helps reduce acne breakouts or premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Use of birth control pills can reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer.
3. The effect of birth control pills on the heart and blood vessels
Birth control pills can increase the risk of serious cardiovascular diseases, which include:
- heart attacks;
- brain attack.
- blood clots;
It is worth noting that those who wish to obtain birth control pills should consult their doctor about alternative methods of contraception.
Especially if she suffers from high blood pressure, or a family history of cardiovascular problems.
4. The effect of birth control pills on cancer
Estrogen and progesterone, which are female sex hormones, affect the chance of developing some types of cancer, as they can increase or decrease the risk of different types of cancer.
The interpretation of the effect of taking birth control pills on a person’s risk of developing some types of cancer lies in the following ways:
- The risk of breast cancer becomes higher when taking birth control pills.
- The risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer is lower.
- Taking birth control pills increases the risk of cervical cancer.
- Taking birth control pills increases the risk of colon and rectal cancer.
Information about birth control pills
Some birth control pills contain only one hormone (progestin) and lack estrogen, which is usually prescribed to women who are breast-feeding, or women who experience nausea or other estrogenic side effects.
The mechanism of action of the contraceptive pill is as follows:
- Thickening of cervical mucus, so that sperm cannot reach the ovum.
- The hormone in these pills changes the lining of the uterus, so that a fertilized ovum is less likely to implant.
- Contraceptive pills to release an ovum.
- For contraceptive pills to work effectively, contraceptive pills must be taken daily, and if used consistently and correctly, their effectiveness in preventing pregnancy may be more than 90%, but it is not recommended to obtain them without medical advice to avoid its side effects.
The contraceptive pill guide: a general definition
Most birth control pills today contain hormones of two types: estrogen and progesterone.
The differences between the different pills are in the dose of estrogen and the type of progesterone contained in it, while the contraceptive percentages are the same in all types of birth control pills.
How to take birth control pills varies from one type to another, some are taken for 21 days, with a 7-day break for menstruation, and some are taken for 24 days and then a 4-day break.
There are four pills in the box that are a placebo, so the woman continues to take the pills without having to remember when she should go back to taking the pill after menstruation.
First-time contraceptive guide: When and at what dose
The recommendation in the Pill Guide is not to take it before the age of 16, however there are cases in which girls start taking the pill earlier, mainly for the purpose of preventing pregnancy, but this percentage is small.
When talking about starting the contraceptive pill, we mention the following:
- Emphasizing that in any cases where there are chances of pregnancy, you should go to the doctor to get a prescription, regardless of age.
- The appropriateness of birth control pills for the reason you decided to start using the pill, such as: to prevent pregnancy, treat acne, hirsutism, or reduce bleeding.
- Changing the pills if the use of birth control pills brings with it side effects, but if the pills that the girl uses do not cause side effects, there is no reason to change them.
- Start taking birth control pills with the lowest hormonal dose in young girls because the hormonal effects of the pills can affect growth, and a very high hormonal dose may have side effects, such as: nausea, headache, and breast engorgement.
Birth control pill guide: Categories you should not take
how long can you take the pill for without a break ?
Here is a list of women who are prohibited from taking birth control pills:
Women at risk of hypercoagulable disorder in the family, because birth control pills may increase the risk of blood clots in these women. If it turns out that the woman suffers from this syndrome, it is forbidden to give her a prescription for birth control pills. like that,
Women who have migraines with aura, which are symptoms that precede a migraine, such as seeing bright lights or spots, feeling numb or weak because they have a higher risk of stroke.
Women who suffer from high and unbalanced blood pressure
Smoking women over the age of 35 are not advised to take birth control pills because age and smoking are both risk factors, which in combination with birth control pills may increase the risk of blood clots.
Women with active liver disease are prevented from taking birth control pills because the analysis of birth control pills is done in the liver.Therefore, in these women, the pills are not analyzed correctly, which may cause them to be ineffective, and therefore these pills may worsen the functional state of the liver.
The Pill Guide: Common Myths
Here are some facts that explain some of the myths about birth control pills:
Birth control pills do not cause weight gain, however these symptoms may occur at the initial stage of taking the pill and usually disappear with time.
Taking birth control pills for years does not harm fertility, and there is no need to stop taking birth control pills before trying to conceive.
Many women believe that they should stop taking birth control pills every 6 months to cleanse the body, and in fact there is no medical reason for this stopping except for the desire to become pregnant.
The menstruation that appears when taking birth control pills is not due to the need to cleanse the body, and it does not have any medical reason.
If necessary, 2 or 3 consecutive packs of pills can be taken, for example in case of travel abroad or vocational training when you do not want to take the course for two months or more.