Causes of left lower abdomen pain during periods in women

continuous vomiting causes

What causes lower abdominal pain on the left side?

There are many reasons that lead to pain in the lower abdomen on the left side, such as the effects of pregnancy, childbirth, and the menstrual cycle in females, and other reasons also in men. In this article, we will learn about these reasons in detail and what you should do, Among these reasons are the following:


Diverticulitis is one of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain on the left side. Diverticula are small pouches that arise due to pressure on weak areas of the colon, and their formation is common; Especially after the age of 40.

Gas gathering

Digestion of food naturally leads to the formation of gases, and swallowing air also contributes to this, and gases cause pain in the left lower abdomen, and it is worth noting that there are many reasons that lead to the accumulation of these gases, including: excessive eating, smoking, and chewing gum , undigested food, and others.


Constipation is defined as the inability to pass stool, which leads to a feeling of bloating, pain, and discomfort, and among the most common causes of constipation is the lack of food intake of fiber and water, and lack of exercise, and constipation may also be the result of diseases or taking certain medications.

Viral infection

Viral infections, such as rotavirus, are considered to be; Viral infection usually affects the digestive system of children and infants, causing watery diarrhea, sometimes vomiting, and fever, and the disease spreads when children eat contaminated foods or drink water contaminated with the disease virus.

Other reasons

Other causes of lower abdominal pain include:

General reasons:

  • Celiac Disease.
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Lactose Intolerance.
  • Indigestion.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
  • Hernia.
  • Kidney stones.

Women’s reasons:

  • Endometriosis.
  • Dysmenorrhoea.
  • Ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ovarian cyst.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Ovarian Torsion.

How to get rid of abdominal pain during menstruation

What causes pain in lower left abdomen during menstruation?

There are a range of drug options used to treat abdominal pain and cramps during the menstrual cycle, including the following:

Pain relievers: These include over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium.

Oral contraceptive pills: These pills contain hormones that prevent ovulation and reduce the pain of cramps. It is worth noting that these hormones can be given in other ways such as injections, a skin patch, or in the form of a capsule implanted under the skin, or a hormonal coil.

Nutritional supplements: There are many nutritional supplements that studies have proven effective in relieving menstrual pain, including the following:

  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin B-1.
  • Vitamin B-6.
  • Magnesium supplement.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids.

Lifestyle change

There are a number of changes that contribute to relieving menstrual pain and cramps, and the following is a statement of the most prominent of them:

Heat: Sitting in a hot bath or placing a warm pillow or hot water bottle wrapped in a towel on the abdomen helps to relax and relieve pain.

Massage: Massaging the lower abdomen in a circular and light way may help relieve pain.

Exercising: Doing light exercises such as walking or cycling can reduce pain.Relaxation: Relaxation techniques such as yoga help reduce pain and discomfort.

Refrain from smoking: It is believed that smoking increases menstrual pain.

Change diet

Eating a healthy diet helps to reduce menstrual pain significantly, and among the most important tips that can be followed to improve the diet:

Avoid eating certain types of foods

It is necessary to avoid foods that lead to fluid retention in the body and cause flatulence during menstruation. Examples of these foods include the following:

Foods that are high in fat and salt.

Soft drinks.


Alternative medicine

There are many alternative medicine methods that can be resorted to to help relieve abdominal pain and cramps during the menstrual cycle, including the following:

Acupuncture: Studies have shown that acupuncture reduces the pain of menstrual cramps, inflammation, increases the secretion of endorphins, and helps relax the body.

Herbal tea: Herbal teas such as chamomile, dandelion, red berries, and fennel tea can be used to relieve menstrual pain, although there is little evidence and studies to support this.

Essential oils: The researchers found that using a mixture of essential oils such as cinnamon oil, clove oil, and lavender oil in massaging the lower abdomen area helps relieve abdominal cramps and helps to relax.

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) This device delivers varying electrical currents through the skin to stimulate the nerves, thus stimulating the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural pain reliever, reducing the cramps associated with menstruation.

Stomach cramps

Stomach spasms are defined as contractions that can be felt in the abdominal muscles in general, or the stomach or intestines in particular.

The pain in it may be more severe, so the patient feels a sharp contraction in the stomach, the severity of the contraction depends on the area in which the muscle contraction occurs, as stomach contractions vary when they occur in intensity and continuity.

And stomach cramps are not considered a dangerous or terrifying condition in most cases, but in some cases Sometimes it could be a sign of another underlying health problem.

Stomach cramps treatment

In the beginning, the cause of the cramps must be known, and by means of which the stomach cramps can be treated, and after a few weeks an improvement is noted and perhaps a complete recovery from the cramps. (left lower abdomen pain)

And some medicines and home remedies can be used such as: rest, massage or massage of the area, and it is also possible to use bandages or thermal proximity Which is useful in warming the abdomen and relaxing its muscles, in addition to drinking water to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.

Causes of lower back and abdominal pain in women

Abdominal pain occurs in the area between the chest and the pelvic area, and appears in the form of colic, intermittent or sharp pain.

Usually as a result of a problem in one of the organs located in the abdomen, which includes the intestines, kidneys, appendix, and spleen, Stomach, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, genitals, in addition to muscles, bones, and blood vessels, while lower back pain results in the area below the rib cage called the lumbar region. (left lower abdomen pain)

Lower abdominal pain or pelvic pain results for many reasons that may be difficult to enumerate, as some problems in the digestive tract, urinary and reproductive systems cause pain in the lower abdomen, and the following is a statement of the most prominent lower abdominal pain in women:

Abdominal gas
Gases cause severe abdominal pain, in addition to a feeling of malaise and flatulence.

Period pain (Dysmenorrhoea)

is ovary pain normal during period?

The menstrual cycle causes pain in the lower abdomen, as well as other problems that affect the reproductive system, such as: Dyspareunia.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
It is an infection that affects a member of the reproductive system and is often caused by a sexually transmitted infection.

It is the growth of tissue from the lining of the uterus at a site outside the uterus, causing acute or chronic pain.

Ectopic Pregnancy
This pain is characterized by its sudden occurrence, which results from the stability of the fetus outside the womb, such as; The fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

Uterine Fibroids
These tumors are considered benign tumors.

Ovarian Cyst Rupture
 This problem is common in women in their childbearing years, and the accompanying pain is described as sudden sharp pain that results after intercourse or intense exertion, and ovarian cysts themselves may cause lower abdominal pain.

Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infection causes pain in the lower abdomen with a burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, cloudy urine, and an unpleasant odor.

kidney stones
Kidney stone pain is characterized by extending to the lower back as well.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
This problem shows contractions of the colon muscles more than normal, which results in the feeling of cramps and pain in the abdomen, in addition to gases, flatulence, and varying episodes of diarrhea or constipation or both.

Constipation and diarrhea
Pain from constipation or diarrhea is described as cramps or cramps that come and go in the abdominal area.

Ulcers cause persistent severe abdominal pain, flatulence, indigestion, and weight loss.

Crohn’s disease
It is a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract that causes, in addition to abdominal pain, diarrhoea, bleeding from the anus, weight loss, and high body temperature.

Ulcerative Colitis
This disease is similar in nature to Crohn’s disease, except that the affected part in this case is the colon only.

Celiac disease
Celiac disease, which is the body’s sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat and barley, and results in, in addition to abdominal pain: diarrhea, bloating, weight loss, fatigue and others.

Tags: body care, Pregnancy

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