General benefits of mushrooms
- Mushrooms have numerous health benefits and are high in antioxidants such as selenium, which aid in the prevention of tissue damage in the body.
caused by aging, supports the body’s immune system.
And reduce the negative effects of free radicals in the body, which increases the risk of many diseases such as heart
disease and cancer.
- One of benefits of mushrooms are high in B vitamins, which help to maintain heart health.
These vitamins include vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, which helps to renew red blood cells in the body.
And vitamin B3, also known as niacin, which helps to maintain the health of the digestive system and the skin.
As well as vitamin B5 or Pantothenic acid, which helps to form the hormones that the body requires.
- Mushrooms are the only vegetable source that naturally contains high levels of vitamin D
because fungi have the ability to produce vitamin D in their bodies when exposed to ultraviolet rays from the sun,
fungi produce vitamin D2.
While both humans and animals produce vitamin D3, and while vitamin D3 is more effective than vitamin D2 in
increasing vitamin D levels in the blood, Except for mushrooms.
They are one of the very high sources of vitamin D2.
With some varieties containing approximately 2,300 international units in 100 grammes.
which is roughly 30 times the body’s daily requirement for this vitamin.
But it should be noted that some commercial mushrooms It is grown in the dark.
So it has very low levels of vitamin D2.
However, some growers expose the mushroom to ultraviolet rays until the level of vitamin D2 in it rises to between 130
and 450 international units per 100 grammes.
One of Mushrooms benefits are contain dietary fibres that are important for digestive health.
As well as many minerals such as phosphorous, zinc, and potassium.
Which help to regulate blood pressure in the body.
It is also worth noting that mushrooms contain proteins.
Types of mushrooms and their benefits
As previously stated, there are many different types of mushrooms.
Each with its own composition and nutritional components.
Here are some of the most well-known types of mushrooms:
- Shiitake mushroom: This mushroom, scientifically known as Lentinula edodes, is commonly used in Asian cuisine.
This type of mushroom contains a variety of minerals, including zinc and manganese.
As well as copper and B vitamins. Vitamin D subtypes
- Cordyceps mushrooms : One of the most types of mushrooms have benefits, that it is believed to be a rich source of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory.
And it should noted that there are approximately 400 species of Cordyceps mushrooms worldwide.
The majority of which originate in the Kingdom of Bhutan, China, Korea, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam.
- Reishi mushroom: It also known as the Lingzi mushroom, and it has a red cover in the shape of the kidney.
As well as finger-like spores on its lower side.
And it is used to obtain its health benefits, as it contains some compounds, mushrooms have many health benefits for the body, such as polysaccharides, peptides, and triterpenoids, in addition to dietary fibre, many minerals, vitamins.
And amino acids.
- Lion’s mane mushroom: Hericium erinaceus is a white fungus that grows in the shape of a ball and has long and
And it used by eating or consuming it in the form of nutritional supplements.
And it has discovered that this mushroom contains many substances that support the body’s health, including
antioxidants and beta-glucan fibre.
- White mushroom: A mushroom with a small stem, a soft cap, and a mild flavour.
It’s used to make a variety of dishes.
It is also low in calories and a good source of protein, vitamin D, and vitamin B12, making it suitable for vegetarians.
Mushroom safety degree
Although there are many types of mushrooms that fit and safe to eat.
There are some that considered dangerous and unsafe, and may cause poisoning and sometimes death.
So it advised to avoid eating mushrooms if they suspected of being poisonous.
And to buy mushrooms from a trusted source such as a vegetable seller or grocer.
Disadvantages of using mushrooms
Eating mushrooms may result in a number of health issues, the most serious of which are as follows:
- Allergies: Although mushrooms are a food that rarely causes allergies, some people may have an allergic reaction to
them if they are allergic to moulds.
- Poisoning in the digestive system:
Eating certain types of wild mushrooms may result in poisoning due to the compounds and toxic substances they
contain, causing several symptoms such as nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, and spasms in the digestive system.
And these symptoms may disappear on their own or necessitate hospitalisation.
- Poisoning in other body systems:
Some mushrooms contain neurotoxins that affect the autonomic nervous system, kidneys, liver, or cause cancer.
And some hallucinogenic mushrooms contain the hallucinogenic compound psilocybin.
And other compounds that have an effect on the psyche and cognition, and it should be noted that some mushroom
toxins are fatal due to the lack of an antidote, resulting in death within a few hours.
Frequently asked questions about mushrooms
What are the benefits of canned mushrooms?
There is no information about the benefits of canned mushrooms and whether they differ from the benefits of fresh
But it should noted that canned mushrooms are usually slightly higher in calories than fresh mushrooms.
And it is recommended to pay attention to the salt and sodium content of canned mushrooms.
Also, choose types with low sodium content, as consuming too much sodium may increase your risk of developing
high blood pressure.
What are the benefits of mushrooms for pregnant women?
Women, in particular, require folate, also known as folic acid, during pregnancy to support the health and growth of
It is worth noting that mushrooms have many health benefits, such as contain a good amount of folate; one cup of whole, raw mushrooms contains 16.3
micrograms of folic acid.
While the recommended amount of folate for adults is 400 micrograms per day.
A brief background of mushrooms
Mushrooms have many health benefits, and are edible fungi, not vegetables, because the body of the mushroom plant consists of a tubular stem and a
cap-shaped cover with gills in the form of plates next to each other.
And it should noted that there are a large number of mushrooms, up to about 14,000 different types.
And not all of them necessarily contain all of the aforementioned parts, and differ among themselves in terms of
shape, colour, and size.
Non-toxic and edible mushrooms are distinguished by their high health value and delectable flavour.