Intestinal Worms: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes

Intestinal Worms Symptoms, Treatment, Causes

Methods for treating Intestinal Worms

Do you have Intestinal worms? If you answered yes, then you must know the methods of treating Intestinal worms, which you will find in full in the article.
Abdominal worms are among the most common diseases of the digestive system that should not be underestimated and treated quickly so as not to develop into other serious health problems.
The treatment of Intestinal worms and the accompanying symptoms and methods of diagnosing them are all important information, and we will review them in the following
Abdominal worms are a type of parasitic germs that live in the human intestine and feed on its food, causing abdominal pain and a feeling of weakness in general.
There are several ways to treat Intestinal worms. The treatment of Intestinal worms is divided into two parts, as follows:

Treatment of Intestinal worms with medicines

how do humans get rid of worms ?
The treatment of Intestinal worms with medicines is by taking an antiparasitic, and the patient may need a single dose, or he may have to take the medicine for several weeks.
Be sure to take the medicine exactly as prescribed by the doctor. Among the most prominent medicines prescribed to expel worms are the following:

Praziquantel

It is a drug used to treat tapeworms and flukes, and the mechanism of action of the drug is based on the principle of killing adult worms and analyzing them to facilitate their exit from the digestive system.

Mebendazole

It is a drug that is used for several consecutive days and does not exceed a week, so that it kills the adult worms, and after several weeks, the drug is repeated so that it eliminates the worms that were in the first treatment period eggs and did not affect the drug.

Piperazine

It is a medicine that is used for a week, with the need to take it regularly.

Herbal treatment for Intestinal worms

how do you get rid of intestinal worms naturally ?
The treatment of Intestinal worms with herbs is as follows:
Onions: A number of fresh onion slices are soaked in a little water for 12 hours, then filtered and drunk after sweetening with honey in the morning, and it must be continued daily until the worms are expelled from the intestine.
Garlic: Garlic is known to be a killer of germs and bacteria, so it is preferable to eat it raw. As for children, boil garlic with milk and drink the milk cold.
Lemon: It has antiseptic properties for the intestines, and it contains a natural antibiotic; Therefore, lemon helps to get rid of worms.
Ginger: Ginger roots contain an oil that has the property of expelling and killing worms. The roots are boiled with water for three minutes, and after it cools, drink three times a day.
Pineapple: Pineapple contains an enzyme known as bromelain, and this enzyme works to kill worms permanently.
Coconut: Drinking concentrated coconut juice increases the strength of the body’s resistance and nourishes it with the necessary elements to eliminate worms.

Common symptoms of  Intestinal worms

Treating Intestinal worms is very important for the health of the body, as the body is often exposed to many annoying symptoms when infected with worms, which are as follows:

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Gas and bloating.
  • Severe fatigue.
  • rash.
  • Itching around the rectum or vulva.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Stools contain blood and mucus.
  • The presence of worms in the stool.
  • Feeling tired and tired.

Diagnosis of Intestinal worms

Medicinal treatment of Intestinal worms is often not prescribed by the doctor until after conducting several laboratory tests to confirm the presence of worms, as well as to find out their type, if any.
The methods of diagnosing Intestinal worms were as follows:

stool test

Stool examination, in which the type of worms present in the abdomen is determined. Stool samples are collected before taking any type of medication. The worms are looked for under a microscope, and several stool samples may be needed to look for parasites.

Pinworm test

Pinworms are tested by wiping a strip on the anus several times, and examining this strip under a microscope to check for eggs of this type of worms.

X-ray

X-rays are done to diagnose more serious problems caused by the parasites, although this test is usually not required and is very rare.

Treating Intestinal worms in children

The methods of treating worms in children vary, and the most important methods of treating Intestinal worms in children are the following:

Medical treatment of Intestinal worms in children

The type of treatment that the doctor may choose to give your child varies, depending on the type of worm he may find in his intestines. Some medicines are available in the form of syrup and some are tablets. The possibilities for treating worms in children are as follows:

  • Mebendazole.
  • Pyrantel.
  • Zentel 400 milligrams for children over 2 years of age.
  • Zentel Suspension for children under two years of age.
  • Be careful not to give your child medicine at your own risk, as the appropriate doses and types vary, so see a doctor and he will adapt the dose to your child’s condition.

Home treatment for worms in children

how do you treat intestinal parasites ?
Some nutrients that will help your child to a great extent in alleviating the symptoms of worms and even preventing them in the future, of course they do not replace drug treatment, but they are useful in conjunction with it:

the Garlic

Garlic is known to provide immunity to a wide range of diseases and infections, and it also contains amino acids and sulfur that will kill parasites if eaten raw.

Pumpkin seeds

Pumpkin seeds may help the body get rid of parasites, as they contain cucurbitacin, which allows them to kill parasites, and you can eat them roasted or raw.

carrots

Carrots contain vitamin A, which enhances the child’s immunity and enables it to fight intestinal pests. Eating carrots on an empty stomach can help remove and treat Intestinal worms in children.

turmeric

Turmeric is actually a disinfectant against infections and worms of all kinds.Your child can drink turmeric mixed in a cup of warm water or even with milk for a week to benefit from it.

coconut

It also has anti-parasitic properties, which make it a good candidate for eliminating Intestinal worms. You can mix it grated or add its oil to your child’s food.

carnation

One of the most powerful foods fighting worms and parasites is cloves, as it also constitutes a protective factor against future infection in them.
Cloves are taken in the form of soaked, soaked in water for 20 minutes and then drunk.

Diagnosis of Intestinal worms in children

how do you know if you have intestinal worms ?
Since the symptoms are similar between Intestinal worm infection and other conditions, the doctor will need to perform some tests in order to determine the cause:
Adhesive tape test: It is a test that the doctor places an adhesive tape on the entrance to the anal opening, and then sends its content for examination if there are worm eggs stuck on it.
Stool examination: The doctor may resort to examining the stool to ensure that there are no eggs in it.
Use of ultrasound: Ultrasound is used in cases of severe worm infections.

How does a child get Intestinal worms

A child is considered more susceptible than an adult to Intestinal worms because he is still in the stage of exploring the world in a concrete way, so he reveals things closely:

  • Playing with mud and mud and not washing hands and body thoroughly afterwards.
  • Contact with animals and not take precautions for hygiene and sterilization afterwards.
  • Contaminated water.
  • Uncooked foods such as fruits and vegetables.
  • Hygiene after using the toilet is important because parasites are transmitted through food.

Are Intestinal worms dangerous

In fact, if the Intestinal worms are left untreated, this will spread in the body, and their arrival in the brain may be very dangerous, but if we mean by talking about intestinal worms, they actually threaten the child with malnutrition, as they feed on the food he needs for growth Healthy and healthy, so don’t hesitate to treat them and get rid of them.

Symptoms of Intestinal worms in children

One of the challenges that parents face in the treatment of worms in children is that the symptoms are considered hidden symptoms that the child may face in his normal day. What are the most important potential symptoms of worms in children:

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Anorexia.
  • Weight loss.
  • Constant feeling of hunger.
  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Anemia.
  • Rash and itching in the anal area.
  • Blood in the stool, diarrhea (rare).
  • Irritability and difficulties sleeping due to itching caused by worms.
  • Frequent urination.
  • persistent cough

Of course, it is not necessary for your child to have all the symptoms in order to suspect that he is infected, as the symptoms are related to the stage of reproduction of the worms.

Common Intestinal Parasites

Intestinal parasites cause significant morbidity and mortality. Diseases caused by Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus, and Entamoeba histolytica occur in the United States. E. vermicularis, or pinworm, causes irritation and sleep disturbances. Diagnosis can be made using the “cellophane tape test.

” Treatment includes mebendazole and sanitation household. Giardia causes nausea, vomiting, malabsorption, diarrhea, and weight loss. Stool ova and parasite studies are diagnostic. Treatment includes metronidazole. Sewage treatment, proper handwashing, and consumption of bottled water can be preventative. A. duodenale and N. americanus are hookworms that cause blood loss, anemia, pica, and wasting. Finding eggs in the feces is diagnostic. 

Treatments include albendazole, mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, iron supplementation, and blood transfusion. Preventive measures include wearing shoes and treating sewage. E. histolytica can cause intestinal ulcers, bloody diarrhea, weight loss, fever, gastrointestinal obstruction, and peritonitis. Amebas can cause abscesses in the liver that may rupture into the pleural space, peritoneum, or pericardium. Stool and serologic assays, biopsy, barium studies, and liver imaging have diagnostic merit. 

Therapy includes luminal and tissue amebicides to attack both life-cycle stages. Metronidazole, chloroquine, and aspiration are treatments for liver abscess. Careful and sanitation and use of peeled foods and bottled water are preventive.

Intestinal parasites cause significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world, particularly in undeveloped countries and in persons with comorbidities. Intestinal parasites that remain prevalent in the United States include Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus, and Entamoeba histolytica.

E. vermicularis

E. vermicularis, commonly referred to as the pinworm or seatworm, is a nematode, or roundworm, with the largest geographic range of any helminth.1 It is the most prevalent nematode in the United States. Humans are the only known host, and about 209 million persons worldwide are infected. More than 30 percent of children worldwide are infected.
Adult worms are quite small; the males measure 2 to 5 mm, and the females measure 8 to 13 mm. The worms live primarily in the cecum of the large intestine, from which the gravid female migrates at night to lay up to 15,000 eggs on the perineum. The eggs can be spread by the fecal-oral route to the original host and new hosts. Eggs on the host’s perineum can spread to other persons in the house, possibly resulting in an entire family becoming infected.

Ingested eggs hatch in the duodenum, and larvae mature during their migration to the large intestine. Fortunately, most eggs desiccate within 72 hours. In the absence of host autoinfection, infestation usually lasts only four to six weeks.

Disease secondary to E. vermicularis is relatively innocuous, with egg deposition causing perineal, perianal, and vaginal irritation.3 The patient’s constant itching in an attempt to relieve irritation can lead to potentially debilitating sleep disturbance. Rarely, more serious disease can result, including weight loss, urinary tract infection, and appendicitis.

Pinworm infection should be suspected in children who exhibit perianal pruritus and nocturnal restlessness. Direct visualization of the adult worm or microscopic detection of eggs confirms the diagnosis, but only 5 percent of infected persons have eggs in their stool. The “cellophane tape test” (Figure 1) can serve as a quick way to clinch the diagnosis

A. duodenale and N. americanus

Two species of hookworm, A. duodenale and N. americanus, are found exclusively in humans. A. duodenale, or “Old World” hookworm, is found in Europe, Africa, China, Japan, India, and the Pacific islands. N. americanus, the “New World” hookworm, is found in the Americas and the Caribbean, and has recently been reported in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific.

Until the early 1900s, N. americanus infestation was endemic in the southern United States and was only controlled after the widespread use of modern plumbing and footwear. Even though the prevalence of these parasites has drastically decreased in the general population, the CDC reports that in the United States, hookworm infection is the second most common helminthic infection identified in stool studies

G. lamblia

G. lamblia is a pear-shaped, flagellated protozoan (Figure 2) that causes a wide variety of gastrointestinal complaints. Giardia is arguably the most common parasite infection of humans worldwide, and the second most common in the United States after pin-worm.8,9 Between 1992 and 1997, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that more than 2.5 million cases of giardiasis occur annually.10
Because giardiasis is spread by fecal-oral contamination, the prevalence is higher in populations with poor sanitation, close contact, and oral-anal sexual practices. The disease is commonly water-borne because Giardia is resistant to the chlorine levels in normal tap water and survives well in cold mountain streams. Because giardiasis frequently infects persons who spend a lot of time camping, backpacking, or hunting, it has gained the nicknames of “backpacker’s diarrhea” and “beaver fever.

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