The importance of personal hygiene


Practicing good personal hygiene is important for helping keep the body healthy and clean.

In this article, we explain the importance of personal hygiene.

We also discuss different types of hygiene, self-care measures, and what might happen if hygiene practices fall short.

Why personal hygiene is important

Personal hygiene prevents disease

Personal hygiene protects the human body from many diseases, such as diarrhea, poisoning, scabies, pneumonia, eye and skin infections, lice, cholera, and dysentery, and reduces the possibility of the spread of influenza.

It also reduces the spread of germs, microbes, and the diseases they cause.

The effects of attention to personal hygiene are reflected on the mental health of the individual, as it protects him from depression and tension, and gives him confidence in himself.

Personal hygiene makes a person look cool and clean

Personal hygiene makes the appearance of the individual fit and his smell good, which does not alienate people or harm them.

As it constitutes the first impression of the individual and his personality and an essential feature to judge him by, which raises the value of people’s respect for the individual and spreads his love among them,

It also makes others feel comfortable while being with him.

Personal hygiene increases a person’s ability to focus

Personal hygiene increases the individual’s ability to focus in carrying out the work entrusted to him, and to finish it quickly and efficiently;

Because it gives him activity and vitality, and gives him a sense of comfort and relaxation, and makes him feel refreshed, especially in the summer.

Types of personal hygiene

There are many types of personal hygiene.

The following list is a good starting point for someone looking to build a personal hygiene routine:


Dental hygiene involves more than just having white teeth. A good dental hygiene routine can help prevent issues such as gum disease and cavities. It can also prevent bad breath.


Several million sweat glands cover the human body. When bacteria break down sweat, the process creates a smell or body odor.

Washing the body will help prevent skin irritation, as well as removing the bacteria that cause body odor. Washing the hair removes oil and keeps a person looking clean and fresh.

Hand washing

Regular hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid spreading communicable diseases.

A trusted source from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends washing hands at certain times:

Hand washing
Hand washing
  • Before, during and after preparing food
  • before eating
  • Wash your hands after caring for anyone who is vomiting or has diarrhea
  • Also before and after treating a wound or wound
  • When going to the bathroom
  • Wash your hands after changing a diaper or cleaning a child who has used the toilet
  • After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
  • Hands should be washed after touching rubbish, dirty surfaces or objects
  • After handling pets or pet-related objects, such as food


Fingernails may harbor dirt and germs, contributing to the spread of bacteria. It is easier for dirt and germs to collect under longer nails, so keeping them short can help reduce the risk of spreading infections.

How to maintain good personal hygiene

Knowing how to maintain good personal hygiene can make it easier to build a routine. A person should have some basic knowledge of the following types of hygiene:

Dental hygiene

For a healthy mouth and smile, the American Dental Association (ADA) recommend brushing the teeth for 2 minutes at least twice a day-once before breakfast and once before bed.

Dental hygiene

People should use an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste and replace the toothbrush every 3-4 months. The ADA also advise people to floss daily.

Hand washing

  1. Wet the hands with clean, running water, then turn off the tap and apply soap.
  2. Lather the hands by rubbing them together with the soap, remembering to reach the backs of the hands, between the fingers, and under the nails.
  3. Scrub the hands for at least 20 seconds, which a person can time by humming the “Happy Birthday” song twice.
  4. Rinse the hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry the hands using a clean towel or air dry them.

Body hygiene

It is advisable to shower or bathe daily, using soap and water to rinse away dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria. People can pay special attention to areas that accumulate more sweat, such as the armpits, in between the toes, and the groin area.

They should also wash their hair with shampoo at least once a week, or more if necessary. Applying deodorant when fully dry can help prevent body odors.


Using sanitized tools to trim the nails and keep them short is one of the best ways to ensure that no dirt can collect underneath them.

Scrubbing the underside of the nails with a nail brush can form part of a person’s hand washing routine.

Menstrual and genital hygiene

It is important to change sanitary products regularly and to wash the hands before and after changing tampons, pads, or any other sanitary products.

As vaginas are self-cleaning, using soap to clean the vagina can cause an imbalance of its natural bacteria and lead to infections. The vulva (the external part of the vagina) should only need cleaning once a day using a mild soap and water.

People with an uncircumcised penis can clean it by gently pulling back the foreskin and washing underneath it with warm water or soap.

Teaching children hygiene

Teaching children hygiene
Teaching children hygiene

Parents and caregivers should teach children how to keep themselves clean from a young age.

For example, they can start using toothpaste to brush a child’s teeth when they reach the age of 12 months. When the gaps between a child’s teeth close, it is important to start flossing.

Encouraging children to help clean themselves as soon as they are old enough is a good way to instigate a proper personal hygiene routine.

Tags: body care, self-care

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