It is difficult for a pregnant woman to know the exact day on which her pregnancy began, and when she visits the doctor, he usually calculates the beginning of pregnancy from the first day of her last menstrual period.
And the story of the possibility of the beginning of pregnancy for the female begins every month, and the first stage is known as the stage of ovulation, where a group begins From the eggs that grow inside the ovary within small fluid-filled sacs called follicles.
Eventually one mature egg comes out of the follicular sac. After the egg is released, it develops into a so-called corpus luteum; Which in turn works on the secretion of female hormones that help to increase the thickness of the lining of the uterus to prepare it for the possibility of pregnancy.
So that it is ready to receive a fertilized egg. The egg released from the ovary usually remains in the fallopian tubes for about 24 hours waiting for the sperm to fertilize it, and it is known that the egg needs only one sperm for fertilization. The duodenum goes through all these stages about two weeks after the menstrual cycle.
And after the fertilization of the egg and the transfer of the fertilized ovum to the uterus, the fertilized egg begins to adhere to the uterine wall, and this process is called the process of implantation.
Pregnancy symptoms in week number one
Some signs and symptoms that can draw a pregnant woman’s attention to the possibility of pregnancy appear from the first few weeks, and the most common are the following:
Menopause: If a woman is of an age that allows her to become pregnant and have children, and her expected period has been delayed by a week or more, the reason for this may be the beginning of pregnancy.
However, this symptom can be misleading if a woman’s menstrual periods are usually irregular.
Swelling of the breasts: hormonal changes begin early in pregnancy, and this may affect the breasts, making them more sensitive and painful. It is worth noting that the pain and discomfort in the breasts are likely to decrease after a few weeks of pregnancy; As the body begins to adapt to hormonal changes.
Nausea with or without vomiting: A woman can get nausea at any time of the day, and this symptom often begins during the first month of pregnancy, however, some women feel nausea early and others do not feel it at all.
In fact, the cause of nausea in early pregnancy is still not entirely clear, but it is often attributed to hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Increased urination: At the beginning of pregnancy, the pregnant woman may feel that she needs to urinate more frequently, and more than usual, and the reason for this is due to the increase in the amount of blood in the body during pregnancy, so the amount of blood that is processed in the kidneys increases, and thus the amount of fluid that the kidneys exit to the bladder increases .
Fatigue: Fatigue is classified as one of the most common initial symptoms of pregnancy, as progesterone levels rise, which can make the pregnant woman feel tired and drowsy.
Mood swings: The hormonal changes that occur early in pregnancy can make a pregnant woman more emotional and sensitive than usual.
Excess gas: Hormonal changes during early pregnancy may cause you to feel bloated.
Spotting: Sometimes the first signs of pregnancy appear in the form of a few drops of blood coming out of the vagina.
This bleeding is known as implantation bleeding, and the reason for this bleeding is due to the attachment of the fertilized egg to the lining of the uterus about 10-14 days after fertilization.
Implantation bleeding usually occurs around the time the normal menstrual period begins.
However, this bleeding does not necessarily occur in all pregnant women.
Cramping and cramping: Some women experience mild cramps early in pregnancy.
Constipation: The hormonal changes that occur in a woman’s body during pregnancy slow down the work of the digestive system, which may lead to constipation.
The pregnancy test detects a certain hormone found in urine or blood, called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), which is known among people as the pregnancy hormone; The pregnancy hormone begins to be produced in the placenta of the woman after the fertilized egg implants in the uterus.
Pregnancy can be examined in two ways, as follows:
Urine test: It is preferable to take a home pregnancy test that depends on a urine sample on the first morning of the absence of a period in order to get the best results, in addition to that taking the test in the early morning provides a more concentrated urine sample.
A test can be used by passing the test strip over the urine line during urination, but it must be passed in the middle of the urination period, not at the beginning, or placing the test strip inside a sample of urine collected.
It should be noted that dysfunctional home pregnancy tests differ in the way they present the result; It can change the color of the strip, or the appearance of a line or a certain sign indicating the occurrence of pregnancy.
Blood test: A blood test is performed in the doctor’s office or in a medical laboratory, so that the presence of the pregnancy hormone in the blood is detected, and its concentration is measured in some cases, and one of its benefits is that it shows the presence of pregnancy much earlier compared to home pregnancy tests, after 7 -12 days of conception, usually.
Tips for the first week of pregnancy
A pregnant woman must maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to protect the fetus and enhance her health as well. Therefore, the pregnant woman is advised to follow a healthy and integrated diet, in addition to taking some steps to take care of her health in general. There are some steps that must be followed immediately after the onset of pregnancy:
Taking folic acid supplements daily: A pregnant woman should start taking folic acid supplements daily as soon as she knows the beginning of pregnancy, as folic acid is known as one of the essential nutrients that protects the child from brain and spinal cord problems.
In addition to folic acid, a pregnant woman may need to take a vitamin D supplement at a dose of 10 mg per day, and she can also take a multivitamin supplement during pregnancy, but this does not eliminate the importance of a complete diet that contains all the vitamins and minerals that she needs.
Smoke inhaled by a pregnant woman can also affect the development of the unborn baby, resulting in a low birth weight.
Reduce drinking caffeine: A pregnant woman can enjoy a cup of coffee a day, but not more than two cups per day.
Follow up the health of the pregnancy with the doctor: the pregnant woman should be keen to see her own doctor to ensure the health and safety of the pregnancy, in addition to the need to pay attention to any medication she takes, take a sufficient amount of rest daily, and not make a physical effort that may tire her.