Gallbladder patient diet – Tips after gallbladder removal

gallbladder patient diet

Appropriate diet for gallbladder patient

Gallbladder patient diet – In this article, we will learn about the most important foods for a gallbladder patient, the best diet for a gallbladder patient to follow, treatment methods for gallbladder, foods that the patient should avoid, foods recommended to eat after gallbladder removal, what foods to avoid if you have gallstones


Some wonder what to eat a patient with gallstones or cholecystitis! People with inflammation of the gallbladder are advised to follow a healthy, balanced diet.

By eating an adequate amount of fruits and vegetables rich in nutrients and fiber.


In addition to the importance of monitoring the total calories consumed during the day, and basically staying away from foods that cause an increase in gallbladder pain, the most important of which are foods that contain a high amount of fat.


It is also advised to focus on plant sources of protein as an alternative to meat, such as legumes, beans, nuts, and soy, and foods rich in vitamin C, B vitamins, and calcium help maintain the health of the gallbladder.


It is worth noting that it is recommended to consult a doctor or a nutritionist before making any change to the diet, and to choose foods that are suitable for cholecystitis, and that do not cause irritation in the digestive system.

Foods that a gallbladder patient is advised to eat

As we mentioned earlier; Patients with gallbladder disease are advised to follow a low-fat diet, but a totally fat-free diet is not recommended. Because it may lead to the formation of more gallstones, and there is no evidence of the possibility of treating the gallbladder with honey or treating the gallbladder with herbs as is common for some people, and we mention the following are the most important tips that a gallbladder patient should follow in his diet

Fruit and vegetables

It is recommended to eat fruits and vegetables, because they contain vitamins, minerals and dietary fibers that the body needs, in addition to containing very small amounts of fat, with the exception of avocados.

Low-fat dairy products

It is recommended to choose low-fat dairy products, such as skim milk or what contains 1% fat, low-fat yogurt 2% or less, and low-fat cheeses 20% or less. 

low fat protein

It is recommended to eat low-fat proteins, by removing the skin from poultry before cooking and eating it, and choosing low-fat red meat, in addition to cooking meat, fish and poultry in a way that allows to get rid of fat, and it is also advised to eat alternatives to low-fat proteins such as: legumes, soy, and nuts, as mentioned previously .

High-fiber foods

It contains whole grains such as barley, wheat, oats, brown rice, whole-grain baked goods and pasta, and legumes such as beans, peas, and lentils; on fiber, which helps to lose weight by increasing the feeling of satiety, and reducing snacking between main meals; This is because excess weight is one of the main causes of cholecystitis.

Moderate amounts of coffee

It is recommended to drink coffee in moderation; This is due to its content of some health-beneficial compounds, which are believed to help protect the functions of the gallbladder, as a study published in the journal JAMA indicated; Approximately 46,000 men, aged 40-75 years, participated in it; Consuming coffee may help reduce the risk of gallbladder disease.

Calcium-rich foods

Consuming adequate amounts of calcium helps to promote the health of the gallbladder and protect it from diseases, and the most important sources of calcium are: dark leafy vegetables such as kale and broccoli, milk products such as milk and cheese, and dairy alternatives fortified with calcium such as almond milk, flax milk, etc., and calcium is found in sardines, juice Calcium-fortified oranges, etc.

Food rich in vitamins and minerals

Some vitamins and minerals help reduce the risk of gallbladder disease, the most important of which are vitamin C, magnesium, and folate. Fruits and vegetables are among the most important sources of these nutrients, and we mention the following:
Sources of vitamin C: including citrus fruits, such as; Oranges, lemons, sweet peppers, strawberries, blackcurrants, broccoli, and potatoes.
Magnesium sources: including; Pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, almonds, spinach, peanuts, cashews, soy and their products.
Sources of folate: including; Soy, lentils, asparagus, spinach, broccoli, mango, lettuce, corn, orange and avocado.

Liquids

You should drink more fluids; It is recommended to drink at least 6-8 cups of fluids per day, and drinks for patients with gallbladder: water, tea, coffee, and juice.

Foods that a gallbladder patient should avoid

The gallbladder patient is advised to write down the foods he eats daily and the symptoms associated with each type of food; In order to know the foods that cause discomfort and problems that increase pain, and the foods that the gallbladder patient is advised to reduce or avoid according to the doctor’s recommendations are the following:


Foods containing a high percentage of refined starches and saturated fats, because they may lead to an increase in cholecystitis symptoms, such as: fried foods, and processed foods such as cakes, pies and biscuits, especially those that contain a high percentage of fat.
Full-fat dairy products, especially cheese, ice cream, and butter.

gallstones treatment

The usual treatment option for gallstones is the surgical option that aims to remove the gallbladder, while there are other medical options to control the condition of gallstones, such as medications and medical procedures, but such options are not resorted to unless the stones are of the type of cholesterol stones and the surgical option is not available for some reason.

Surgical methods for the treatment of gallstones

Surgery represents a radical solution to get rid of the symptoms and problems associated with gallstones and prevent their formation in the future. When the gallbladder is removed, the bile passes directly from the liver to the small intestine without being stored in the gallbladder.


In general, regardless of age, gender, or health status, people who undergo a gallbladder removal must follow a low-fat diet for about a month after the operation, after which they can return to eating fat and sugar normally.


Not everyone who has a cholecystectomy needs to continue to follow a low-fat diet permanently, but following it almost always may help improve the function of the intestines, heart, kidneys, and liver
Some people may be able to return to the diet followed before the operation, in contrast, some people may suffer from Post-cholecystectomy syndrome, they may suffer from digestion problems, stomach disorders, diarrhea, nausea, and bloating. vomiting


Which may require a continuous low-fat diet, and it is also recommended to drink 8-10 glasses of water daily; to facilitate bowel movement,

Drug treatment for gallstones

In fact, the use of drug treatments to dissolve gallstones is not common, as it is resorted to in cases where the patient cannot be subjected to surgery as mentioned, and these oral medications are prescribed for a period of months or years in order to achieve the intended use, but these drugs may not work Effective in dissolving gallstones in some cases.


It should be noted that these medications do not lead to the permanent disappearance of the stones in all cases, in many cases the stones may reappear once the medication is stopped, and the following is a statement of the most prominent medications that may be prescribed in cases of gallstones.

Ursodeoxycholic acid

Ursodeoxycholic acid is a medicine that is used to dissolve gallstones when the size of the gallstones is small and does not contain calcium in its composition, and to prevent the development of gallstones in cases where a person has certain factors that increase the likelihood of developing stones; Such as cases of rapid weight loss after undergoing weight reduction surgery.


It should be noted that these drugs are not commonly prescribed due to their limited effectiveness, and the necessity of maintaining them for a long period of time to achieve the goal of their use. In addition, stones may appear again once you stop taking the drug,

Chenodeoxycholic acid

Chenodeoxycholic acid is used to dissolve gallstones in some cases. Specifically, the cases in which the patient cannot undergo surgery, and in fact this drug does not contribute to the prevention of the development of gallstones, and even with treatment, it is likely that the stones will reappear after their disappearance within five years.

Nutrition tips after gallbladder removal

It is recommended to make some changes in the patient’s diet after cholecystectomy; This is to facilitate and speed up recovery; Among them we mention the following: 
Gradually adding solid foods to patients’ diet after surgery; This is to reduce the risk of any digestive problems.


Eat 5-6 small meals during the day; Because eating large quantities at once may cause gas and bloating for patients, it is also recommended to eat snacks rich in nutrients, high in protein, and low in fat, and avoid eating more than 3 grams of fat per meal for a healthy and integrated diet. 
Patients should exercise regularly; To maintain a healthy weight, follow a healthy diet, and promote a healthy digestive system.

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