Causes of frequent urination in children

frequent urination in children

Frequent urination

Urination is the way in which the body gets rid of the liquid wastes of the body, as urine contains many substances; Including water, uric acid, urea, toxins, and wastes that have been filtered from inside the body.

And it should be noted that urine remains in the urinary bladder until it reaches the point of fullness, and there is a need to urinate, after which urine is removed from the body, and in fact The rate of urination for most people is between 6 to 7 times in 24 hours, and the term frequent urination means an urgent need to pass urine more than usual.

So that the volume of urine that is excreted is more than three liters per day, This condition may affect the person’s normal routine, as well as affect his sleep cycle, in addition to that it may indicate a specific medical condition, and it should be noted that there is a difference between the terms frequent urination and urinary incontinence, as the latter is used To indicate urine leakage.

Causes of frequent urination in children

The occurrence of frequent urination in children is attributed to many factors and causes, the most important of which can be summarized as follows:

Voiding Dysfunction: This condition is that children do not take the time to empty their bladder, as they may be in a hurry to return to play.

Vulvovaginitis: This condition is characterized by the suffering of inflammation around the vaginal area in girls, and the occurrence of this type of infection is attributed to the use of a bubble bath or not drying properly.

Balanitis: This condition appears in the form of inflammation of the meatus or penis opening, and it may affect males.

Diabetes: especially type 1 diabetes, as children with diabetes suffer from frequent urination and thirst constantly, which leads them to drink more fluids, in addition to losing weight. Diagnosing diabetes may include a urinalysis, which may show the presence of sugar, glucose, or ketones in the urine.

Urinary Tract Infection: Children with this type of infection suffer from a group of symptoms, such as frequent urination, dysuria or burning urine, turbid urine or blood in the urine, and fever. Back pain, nausea and, in fact, an evaluation for a urinary tract infection by urinalysis and urine culture.

Urination: This condition is also called the frequent daytime urination syndrome, and this condition is common, especially in children between the ages of four and six years, but it was not possible to determine the exact cause behind the occurrence of the condition urination; It is believed that the occurrence of this condition may be related to psychological stress, and this condition is represented by the child urinating small amounts a number of times ranging from ten to thirty times per day, and this condition may force the child to wake up at night to urinate, and it should be noted that there are no other symptoms Urination accompanies, in addition to the fact that the urine analysis appears normal, and in fact this condition disappears on its own, without the need for treatment, in a few weeks or months.

Diabetes insipidus: This condition occurs as a result of a deficiency in the level of the antidiuretic hormone, or as a result of the kidneys not responding to this hormone, which causes the body to lose water and the child to feel very thirsty, and it should be noted. This is the rarest cause of frequent urination in children.

Overcoming frequent urination in children

In the beginning, care must be taken to reassure the child that he is in good physical health, and reassure him that he can learn to wait for a longer period before going to the bathroom.

The following is a statement of the most prominent ways that help overcome the problem of frequent urination in children:

Regular urination: (Timed voiding), this method consists in accustoming the child to holding his urine for a certain period of time, and then going to the bathroom, after that the duration of urine retention is gradually increased, for example, at first the urine is held for half an hour, and then the Increasing the period of holding urine before going to the bathroom to become 45 minutes, and so on until gradually returning to the normal urination pattern, and it is necessary to ensure that the child gets a period of relaxation, with the need for him to get enough free time and time for fun every day, and it should be noted the need to know What happens with the child, as some of them may cause psychological pressure for the child.

Avoid punishing the child: You must stop recording the amount of urine, and the number of urination times related to the child, with the need for caregivers or teachers to avoid punishing the child when he performs this behavior, and it should be noted that stopping talking about this issue is critical, as this contributes to reducing Psychological pressures on the child.

Avoid bubble bath: It is recommended to avoid the use of different types of irritants, including bubble bath, as these substances may be responsible for the frequent urination problem in the child often, in addition to irritation in the urinary tract opening, especially in females, and this What pushes to go to the bathroom again and again, and it may be noticed that the child is drinking large amounts of fluids, especially in hot weather or when playing, and it is considered that eating large amounts of water every hour is not normal.

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