Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilizes an egg after it has been released from the ovary during ovulation. The fertilized egg then travels to the bottom of the uterus where implantation occurs. Successful implantation results in pregnancy. On average, a full pregnancy may last for 40 weeks and there are many factors that may affect the subject of pregnancy. Women who receive an early pregnancy diagnosis and prenatal care are more likely to experience a healthy pregnancy and have a healthy baby. Knowing what to expect during the entire pregnancy is very important in order to monitor your health and the health of the baby. If you want to prevent pregnancy, there are also effective forms of birth control you should consider.
things not to do during pregnancy
1-Don’t eat these foods
The list of foods that pregnant women should avoid during pregnancy include:
- Raw meat and shellfish: Uncooked seafood (such as sushi), including oysters, mussels, and oysters.
- Also avoid rare or undercooked beef and poultry. It can be contaminated with toxoplasmosis or salmonella.
- Deli meats: Deli meats can be contaminated with listeria, a bacteria that can cross the placenta and infect your developing baby. Infection in the womb can lead to septicemia and can threaten your baby’s life.
- Fish with high levels of mercury: These include fish such as shark, mackerel, swordfish, and tilefish. Wondering about tuna? In general, canned light tuna has lower levels of mercury, but it’s still smart to eat it in moderation.
- Smoked seafood: Avoid lox, kippered fish, jerky, or nova style salmon. There is a risk that this chilled and smoked seafood could be contaminated with listeria. However, smoked seafood that is shelf-safe or canned is probably fine.
- Raw eggs: This includes foods that contain raw eggs, so beware of homemade Caesar dressings, hollandaise sauces, mayonnaise, and some custards. Since raw eggs can pose a risk of salmonella infection.
- Soft cheeses: Some imported soft cheeses can contain listeria, so stay away from soft cheeses such as Roquefort, feta, Gorgonzola, Camembert, and Brie. Mexican cheeses such as (queso blanco) and (queso fresco) should also be avoided, unless they are made with pasteurized milk.
- Unpasteurized dairy: These products can contain listeria.
- It sounds extensive, but there are still plenty of great feeding options during pregnancy. While it is always important to
eat a balanced diet, pregnancy is a particularly critical time. In your daily mailing plan, try to include:
- lean proteins
- healthy fats
- Lots of fresh vegetables and fruits
2-Don’t expose yourself to paint
There is no way to measure toxicity from actual exposure to paint so this recommendation is based on potential toxicity. Paint toxicity also depends on the individual solvents and chemicals in the paint as well as exposure.
While the level of exposure to household paint should be low, the safest measure is to seriously reduce your exposure to the fumes from these paints.
3-Don’t get too much caffeine
It’s a tonic and diuretic, which means drinking your usual few cups of coffee each day will increase your blood pressure, heart rate, and the number of trips you take to the bathroom. In addition, caffeine crosses the placenta. While you may be using caffeine well, your child does not.
This is because your child’s metabolism is still developing. You don’t have to give up caffeine completely but moderate levels of caffeine, defined as 150 to 300 milligrams (mg) per day, should be fine.
Just remember that caffeine is not only found in tea and coffee. You’ll find it in chocolate, soda, and even some over-the-counter medications.
4-Don’t take certain medications
Some medicines may be harmful to your growing baby. So before taking any over-the-counter or prescription medications and supplements, talk to your doctor.
5-Don’t wear heels
Stick to heels with a heel of 3 inches or less: Think small heels, wedges, and platforms. As your belly grows, your center of gravity will change. So you may find yourself a little uneasy on your feet. Add to that your swollen ankles, and you may find yourself living in your flip flops.
6-Don’t hang out in the hot tub or sauna
If you’ve been feeling aches and pains during pregnancy, relaxing in a hot tub may seem ideal. But a high body temperature during the first trimester can lead to some birth defects.
Skip the hot tub, which usually keeps the water temperature around 104 degrees Fahrenheit, and try a warm bath instead.
7-Don’t change the cleaning of cat litter
If you must clean up cat litter, wear gloves and wash your hands thoroughly afterward. Cat feces can carry toxoplasmosis, a rare parasitic disease.
While it is more likely to get infected by eating raw meat or by gardening, it’s still a good idea to have someone else clean up your cat litter daily.
8-Don’t inhale secondhand smoke
Smoking is awful for you and your baby, but secondhand smoke can be just as bad. There are approximately 4,000 chemicals in secondhand smoke, some of which have been linked to cancer.
Exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy can lead to:
- Low birth weight
- Learning or behavioral problems as your child grows
- sudden infant death syndrome
9-Don’t drink alcohol
Avoid wine, beer and liquor during pregnancy. Alcohol travels quickly from the bloodstream through the placenta and umbilical cord to your baby, and this can harm your baby’s brain and organs.
Other potential risks include:
- Premature birth
- Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
- brain damage
- birth defects
10-Don’t sit or stand for a long time
During pregnancy, staying in the same position for too long or sitting or standing may be a problem. It can cause all kinds of problems including swollen ankles and varicose veins.
Try to take short breaks frequently to move around if you are sitting, or to elevate your legs if you are standing on your feet.
11-Don’t believe everything you read
You can find all kinds of contradictory information online and in books and magazines. But be rational, trust your instincts, and remember that being on the side of caution is never a bad idea. If in doubt, talk to your doctor
Healthy weight gain during pregnancy
If you’re concerned about gaining weight, don’t stress too much. Some weight gain is normal during pregnancy. Excess weight provides food for the baby. Some of it is also stored for breastfeeding after the baby is born. On average, women gain 25 to 35 pounds (lbs) during pregnancy. It is normal for you to gain less weight if you start out with more weight, or to gain more weight if you were underweight before pregnancy.
You can talk to your doctor about how much weight is appropriate for you to gain during pregnancy. The chart below provides some general guidelines, although everyone is different. Body mass index (BMI) can be calculated using the following formula: weight (in pounds) / height (in inches).
So don’t worry too much about the number on the scale. Instead of focusing on your weight, focus on eating a variety of nutritious foods. Eating healthy is very important, and dieting to lose weight or prevent weight gain can be harmful to you and your baby.
Nutritional needs during pregnancy
As you know, your body goes through a lot of physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. To fuel yourself and your growing baby, you’ll need to make great food choices from a variety of sources.
Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help you feel happy and provide everything you and your baby need. The food you eat is your baby’s main source of nutrition, so it’s important to get all the nutrients you need.