Diagnosis of AIDS carried out with a blood test or a mucosa test in the mouth to detect if there are antibodies to HIV.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States of America recommends these AIDS tests for adolescents and adults between the ages of 13 and 64 as part of routine medical examinations.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that at least once a year everyone from any of the recent-mentioned risk groups should be tested for AIDS.
Unfortunately, AIDS tests do not produce quite accurate results when they are performed immediately after exposure to HIV,
because the human body needs some time to develop appropriate HIV antibodies.
It may take at least 12 weeks from the moment you are infected with HIV,
and in rare cases it may even be as long as six months or more to detect the presence of HIV in the body.
Tests that enable aids diagnosis:
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
For many years, the only test available to detect HIV antibodies in the body was Eliza’s test,
which detected HIV antibodies in a blood sample taken from the person concerned.
If the test results are positive, i.e. the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood, the test is performed again.
If the results are positive in the re-examination,
i.e. the second time as well, the person concerned will have to perform an additional blood test.
Western Blot Test is an important test in the Diagnosis of AIDS
It examines the presence of AIDS proteins in the blood,
where the Western smudge test is particularly important in diagnosing AIDS since the blood may contain antibodies that are not HIV antibodies,
but are able to disrupt Elisa’s test results and give a positive result,
when in fact they are a false result.
The use of these tests together made it possible to ensure accurate results,
and the diagnosis of AIDS confirming HIV pregnancy was final and reliable only after positive results were obtained in the three tests detailed above.
However, the main and significant disadvantage of these tests is the need to wait two weeks for all three test results,
which can cost a high psychological price and may result in the person concerned not returning to the clinic to obtain the results of his or her examinations.
Quick check-ups lead to a fast Diagnosis of AIDS
Today, there are many quick tests that give accurate and reliable results within 20 minutes,
and are aimed at detecting HIV antibodies in the blood,
or in fluids in the upper or lower gums, after sampling.
An examination from oral fluids gives accurate results with the same accuracy as the blood test and even saves the trouble of taking blood,
but when you get a positive result in a quick test, a blood test is required to confirm the result.
Since these tests are relatively recent,
they have initially been certified in only a specified number of qualified laboratories;
Home tests help with Diagnosis of AIDS
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently authorized the use of a home-based TEST for AIDS,
which is as accurate as laboratory testing and all positive results obtained in this test are subject to further further testing.
Unlike a home pregnancy test, the results of a home test for AIDS are not self-analyzed,
but the person conducting the test must send a sample of his blood to the laboratory and then call a few days later to obtain the test results.
This method ensures privacy where the person with the test is identified by the code number on each of the kits.
The main deficiency in this method is that the person examined
does not receive the direct personal advice he or she could have received when going to the attending physician or clinic,
although he or she is offered directed to medical or social services.
Regardless of the specific examination a person chooses to perform and undergo,
if he or she is positive with HIV,
he or she must first inform his or her life partner immediately because early diagnosis of AIDS is useful,
so that he too can conduct the examination and take the necessary preventive measures.
If someone has a positive result that has been found to be HIV-positive, their treating doctor can help them assess the expected stages of aids development,
as this test shows the amount of viruses in the blood.
Research has shown that people with high viral loads get sicker than those with low viral loads,
and we carry out viral load tests are also to determine when and when to start drug treatment.
When HIV was first discovered in the 80s,
few drugs were available to treat HIV and the opportunistic infections associated with it.
Since then, however,
doctors developed many drugs to treat HIV and the opportunistic infections associated with IT,
and these types of AIDS treatment have helped many people,
including children, and increased their quality of life.
Researchers at the U.S. National Institutes of Health estimate that AIDS treatment
and antiretroviral drugs given to patients with AIDS in the United States since 1989
have given these patients a few years’ worth of life.
However, none of these drugs are a panacea for AIDS,
let alone have severe side effects as well as very expensive.
Treating AIDS and taking such drugs for many years, sometimes over 20 years, is ineffective,
as many of the patients that get rid of AIDS has a development in their resilience and resistance and are no longer AIDS can affect them.
In light of this,
now we carry out intensive research to develop and produce new drugs capable of assisting these AIDS patients,
the most prominent treatment methods include:
Antiretroviral drugs inhibit the growth and reproduction of HIV at different stages of its life cycle,
and are available in seven different groups:
Nucleoside analog reverse inhibitors – transcriptase inhibitors – NARTIs or NRTIs).
- Protease inhibitors -PIs.
- Non-nucleosidereverse-transcriptase inhibitors .
- Nucleosidereverse -transcriptase inhibitors – NtRTIs).
- Fusion inhibitors.
- Integrase inhibitos
Responding to AIDS treatment
we measure the response to AIDS treatment by the level of viral load,
i.e. the amount of viruses in the blood (Viral load) in the patient,
we must measure viral load at the start of drug treatment and then periodically every three months for the duration of AIDS treatment.
In some special and unusual cases, we carry out such tests at more close intervals.
New ways to treat AIDS
A wide variety of medications to treat side effects of HIV or AIDS are still in the testing,
testing and development stages in various laboratories.
Guidance for AIDS treatment after the Diagnosis of AIDS
A leading group of researchers on AIDS treatment has been drafting a list of recommendations for AIDS patients that includes guidance on the treatment of ANTIRETROVIRAL AIDS,
which relies on the best information available until we write the recommendations.
According to the current list of recommendations,
AIDS treatment should focus on inhibiting and hiding AIDS symptoms for as long as possible,
and we know this offensive trend as highly effective antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
The aim of the highly effective ART programme is to minimize the amount of viruses in the patient’s blood that blood cannot even be observe or detect it,
although this does not mean that AIDS disappears from his blood completely and definitively,
we easily can achieve this result by combining three or more drugs together.
AIDS treatment recommendations keep in mind the issue of quality of life,
so the primary goal in aids treatment is to create a more accessible, simpler and less side-effects treatment system.
If someone has AIDS,
it is important to be an effective partner in making decisions about their own measures and steps to treat AIDS.
He should discuss the AIDS treatment programmes before him with his therapist to assess the risks and benefits of each of the proposed treatments for AIDS treatment and even to reach a conscious and wise decision on aids treatment,
which may be complex and prolonged.
There is still no effective HIV vaccine available, and there is still no cure for AIDS.
But everyone can protect themselves and others from AIDS by studying and understanding AIDS and refraining from everything that would expose them to HIV-contaminated secretions,
such as blood, semen, vaginal discharge and breast milk.
Tips for preventing the disease for non-infected people
if you don’t have AIDS you may also benefit from the following advice for HIV prevention:
- Self-awareness and mentoring of others.
- Awareness of the status of a partner in any sexual relationship with regard to HIV/AIDS.
- The need to use a new condom when having a sexual relationship.
- Examining the possibilities of circumcision for males.
- The need to use clean injections.
- Adopt extreme caution when dealing with blood products from certain countries.
- Regular and consistent screening of the disease
- stay away from indifference.
Ways to prevent transmission
we can help People living with HIV or people living with AIDS by the following advice in preventing HIV transmission to other people:
- Safe sex is necessary only by preventive means.
- The need to inform the partner of the reality of HIV Asymptomatic.
- you should inform People, including a partner, which is important to know the truth.
- Refrain from using needles, injections, or injection tools for others.
- decrease donating blood or organ donation.
- Refrain from using other people’s razors or toothbrushes.
- Go for immediate medical treatment in case of pregnancy.