Depression is not easy to get rid of, and we know it as severe depression disorder, or clinical depression.
It is a disease that affects the soul and body and affects the way you think and act,
and can lead to many emotional and physical problems,
as it is one of the most common diseases in the world,
and people with it usually cannot continue to practice their daily lives as usual,
as it causes them a feeling of lack of desire for life.
it can affect all age groups as it is not limited to a specific age, gender, race or group,
but some statistics indicate that women diagnosed with cancer have more cancer than men,
because women are looking for treatment more often than men.
Symptoms of depression
Symptoms of depression are different and varied because depression appears in different forms in different people,
for example: symptoms of it in a 25-year-old person may appear differently from those of a 70-year-old.
Some people with it may also develop very severe symptoms to the point where something is not right,
and others may feel generally poor, or not happy without knowing why.
Symptoms of depression include:
- Loss of desire to practice regular daily events.
- Feeling nervous and depressing.
- A sense of hopelessness.
- Bouts of crying for no apparent reason.
- Sleep disorders.
- Difficulties in focusing.
- Difficulties in making decisions.
- Accidentally gaining or underweight.
- anxious and bored.
- Excessive sensitivity.
- A sense of fatigue or weakness.
- A sense of undervaluation.
- Loss of desire for sex.
- Suicidal thoughts or attempted suicide.
- Unexplained physical problems, such as back or head aches.
- Causes and risk factors of depression
we dont know the exact cause of depression,
but as with other mental illnesses, many biochemical, genetic and environmental factors can be the cause of depression, including:
The use of imaging with modern and sophisticated techniques has indicated physical changes in the brains of people with it,
and it is not known what these changes are specifically and how important they are,
but clarifying this would ultimately help to identify and identify the causes of it.
Naturally present chemicals in the human brain called neurotransmitters are likely to have a mood-related role and play a role in causing depression, and a hormonal imbalance in the body can cause depression.
The onset of it is more prevalent in people with biological relatives with depression,
and researchers are still trying to detect genes related to causing depression.
The environment is to a certain extent the cause of depression,
environmental factors are conditions and conditions in life that are difficult to cope with and live with, such as: loss of a loved one, economic problems and severe stress.
The exact cause of depression is not known, but there are many factors that appear to increase or exacerbate the risk of it, including:
- Suicides in the family.
- the mood in the morning.
- Diseases such as cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer’s, or AIDS.
Prolonged intake of certain medications such as: medications of a certain type to treat high blood pressure, sleeping pills, and pills in some cases.
Complications of depression
Depression is a difficult and difficult disease as result it can place a heavy burden on individuals and families,
and unprocessed may worsen and deteriorate to the point of disability, dependency and even suicide,
and it can lead to emotional, behavioral, health, judicial and severe economic problems affecting all different areas of life.
The risks of depression include:
- Addiction to narcotic substances.
- Heart disease and other diseases.
- Problems at work or in education.
- Confrontations within the family.
- Difficulties in the marital relationship.
- Social isolation.
Diagnosis of depression
Doctors and therapists ask questions about mood and thoughts so that understand the patient during regular treatment meetings,
sometimes asking the patient to fill out a question form that helps them detect symptoms of it.
When doctors suspect that the patient has the disease,
they perform a series of medical and psychological examinations,
which help reduce the possibility of other diseases that can cause symptoms that help diagnose and detect other complications related to the condition.
Tests to diagnose depression
- Physical examination.
- Laboratory tests.
- Psychological evaluation.
- Criteria for diagnosing it
Evaluating a doctor or psychotherapist helps determine whether the condition is severe depression or another disease that is sometimes reminiscent of severe depression, including:
A severe emotional reaction to a painful event in life, a mental illness associated with psychological stress,
that can affect emotions, thoughts and behavior.
Formerly called manic depressive psychosis, this type of disorder is characterized by a fluctuating mood from contrast to contrast.
Periodic mood disorder:
a type of tightening disorder.
It is a less severe and difficult disease, but it is more chronic than it.
some women after they give birth to new children, usually month after birth have unexpected feelings as a result of it.
It is a severe and difficult depression accompanied by psychotic symptoms and phenomena,
such as hallucinations.
a disease that includes the characteristics and symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders.
This type of depression is associated with changing seasons and inadequate exposure to sunlight.
Treatment of depression
There are cases where depression is so difficult that a doctor or person close to the patient has to follow and monitor it closely
so that the patient recovers and reaches a situation where he or she can actively participate in the decision-making process.
Dealing with depression
The majority of health workers treat it as a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment and diabetes or high blood pressure,
as some people with depression
They are exposed to only one period of depression,
but in the majority of patients their symptoms of it recur and last for life.
Proper diagnosis and treatment can reduce symptoms of depression even if the symptoms of depression are severe,
proper treatment can improve the feeling of people with it within a few weeks
and enable them to return to normal life as they used to enjoy before developing it.
A family doctor may help treat it,
but in other cases there is a need for a qualified psychotherapist to treat it such as a psychiatrist,
a psychologist, and a social worker.
It is very important that the patient be effective in treating depression with cooperation and joint action the doctor or therapist can decide with the patient what type of depression treatment is best so that the person get well soon and most appropriate for the patient’s condition.
Ways to treat depression
Dozens of medications are available on the market to treat it,
so symptoms of depression can be alleviated by combining medications with psychotherapy,
the majority of antidepressant medications are equally effective and effective,
but some may cause very severe and serious side effects.
Stages of depression treatment include:
Many doctors begin treating it with antidepressant medications known as optional serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
A range of antidepressants known as tricyclic antidepressants.
A range of antidepressants known as monoamine oxide inhibitors.
All antidepressant medications can cause unwanted side effects,
and side effects appear at varying levels of severity in different patients,
sometimes these side effects are too mild to stop taking the drug,
and may disappear or be reduced within a few weeks of treatment.
Psychotherapy is also called conversation therapy,
counselling or psychosocial therapy, sometimes psychotherapy is used in parallel with and simultaneously with drug therapy,
psychotherapy is a comprehensive name for treating it through conversations with the psychotherapist about the situation and related matters.
An electric current is passed through the brain to cause a flood of emotion.
Recovery from depression
Depression can sometimes be so severe that you need to be hospitalized for treatment in the psychiatric department,
but even in cases of severe depression it is not always easy to decide how to treat it and whether it is appropriate treatment,
and if the patient can be treated out of hospital with the same or more effectiveness, the doctor is more likely not to recommend hospitalization.
Hospitalization in the psychiatric department is usually preferred in cases where the patient cannot take proper care of himself,
or when there is a serious fear that he or she will harm himself or anyone else.
Prevention of depression
There is no way to prevent depression, but doing some things can prevent or prevent recurrence of symptoms, such as:
Take measures to control tension to raise the level of joy and self-esteem.
Supported by friends and parents, especially in periods of crisis, this can help overcome depression.
Early treatment of the problem once the first signs or symptoms appear has helped and prevents the exacerbation of depression.
Long-term preventive treatment also prevents recurrence of symptoms of depression.
Some people resort to complementary or alternative medicine methods to relieve symptoms of depression,
these methods include the use of certain herbs or some alternative treatment methods,
but before using these methods you should consult your doctor to see if they are contrary to basic treatment methods or not