Married couples may suffer from delayed pregnancy or lack of pregnancy, but by knowing the reasons, the problem can be remedied and solved, as pregnancy is not just having sex, but there are many factors that affect pregnancy, you must know to understand the problems and know solutions and methods of treatment.
There are many factors responsible for the difference between women, as every woman has her own condition, physical and psychological factors can increase the average time to get pregnant. It also varies from woman to woman according to her fertility potential, the average time of conception is between 3 and 6 months for a young couple, and the period increases with age.
Delayed pregnancy and when pregnancy occurs in general
If you are in good health and your fertility is at its best, you have a 25% chance of becoming pregnant during each menstrual cycle, and according to some pregnancy statistics:
- 30% will have a pregnancy within the first month.
- 75 percent after six months.
- 85 percent in the first one year.
- 90 percent after one year.
- 95 percent after two years.
- 91 percent within three years.
- 93 to 95 percent within four years.
Reasons for delayed pregnancy
There are many factors that play a role in delaying pregnancy, including:
Stress and fatigue:
Stress is a major enemy and one of the main causes of menopause in women. It affects physical and mental health, and stress results in an increase in the amount of cortisol, a hormone that affects the amount of progesterone and estrogen secreted by the body.
This lack of control results in the menstrual cycle being disrupted, delayed or absent altogether. Which leads to delayed pregnancy. Emotional disorders such as anxiety and depression also affect fertility levels.
Sudden weight gain or loss:
Weight that changes frequently or suddenly is one of the most common causes of irregular periods. The hormones are disrupted and the ovaries produce a type of estrogen known as estrone. When an excess occurs, it can reduce ovulation, causing a missed or delayed pregnancy.
Lack of sleep:
Lack of sleep exhausts the body, affects the immune system, reproductive cycle and menstrual cycle, and lack of sleep in men can cause fever, which increases body temperature. And thus affect the sperm. Hence, the delay in pregnancy
Changes in routine or habits:
Changes in routine affect the menstrual cycle. It takes some time to adjust to the new environment, as it is hormonally synchronized with heart rate and environmental factors.
Some medications can cause menopause. But it is important to know the side effects of birth control pills or antidepressants, because they can cause irregular menstruation and thus cause a delay in conception.
The thyroid gland plays a major role in women’s health, as it is responsible for the production and secretion of hormones that regulate certain mechanisms such as metabolism and the menstrual cycle. But it is necessary to visit a doctor to evaluate the function of this gland, as underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, directly affects ovulation. Hence on pregnancy.
It affects the average time it takes to get pregnant, the higher the age, the lower the fertility, and the delay in conception.
More or less sexual intercourse:
Sexual intercourse is a human need for recreation and pleasure. Some people increase their sexual intercourse, thinking that this speeds up the occurrence of pregnancy. However, it causes potential health problems such as fatigue, dizziness and weak knees, thus draining the special energy for sex, and thus the chance of pregnancy is lost.
As for the lack of sexual intercourse and its practice only during ovulation, it is not correct, because it is possible to miss the fertile stage if there is an error in calculating the ovulation period each month.
Going to the bathroom immediately after sexual intercourse:
Going to the bathroom directly causes the sperm to descend and they are washed with cleaning, which is one of the reasons for the delay in conception for many women.
Wearing underwear that is too tight:
Some women wear tight underwear to draw attention to their body, but tight clothing affects the functions of the reproductive organs, and in men it reduces sperm production.
Bad health habits:
Drinking alcohol, smoking or using drugs can negatively affect fertility. In women, it causes irregular ovulation, and in men, it reduces the number and movement of sperm. And also women warn of it in the first part of pregnancy because it is the most important period in the development of the fetus. There is no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy.
Environmental toxins and pollutants such as chemicals and pesticides are considered. And other cleaning materials, have an impact on the health of men and women, and thus on fertility, which reduces the ability of couples to become pregnant by an average of 29%.
Causes of delayed pregnancy related to women
There are many reasons that affect the occurrence of pregnancy in women, including:
Irregular menstrual cycle:
Irregular menstruation leads to not knowing the time of ovulation. Thus, pregnancy is delayed.
It is a chronic disorder of the reproductive system in which the cells of the lining of the uterus grow outside the uterus, causing the tubes to block to prevent fertilization or the release of a fertilized ovum through the fallopian tubes. Symptoms of this disease are:
- Painful periods.
- Severe pain during sexual intercourse.
- Intestinal pain.
- Frequent urination, always feeling like the bladder is full.
- Chronic pelvic pain.
Infertility problems in 20 or 30% of women may be due to incomplete ovum , and some women never ovulate, due to hormonal problems, excessive weight or extreme fatigue.
Polycystic ovary syndrome:
PCOS occurs between 8% and 20% of women worldwide. It is a complex condition that results from a hormonal imbalance that hinders ovulation, due to the disruption of the maturation of ovum , and symptoms include: excessive hair growth, weight gain, irregular menstruation and gray hair.
Diseases of the fallopian tubes:
Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes prevent the ovum from reaching the uterus and sperm from reaching the ovum. This disease can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease or by body contact.
Whereas, in the late thirties and early forties, the quality of ovum decreases, and it decreases to 300,000 ovum , and then 300 ovum that are matured before menopause.
Low levels of the hormone progesterone:
Where the progesterone hormone is produced by the corpus luteum after ovulation, to support the implantation of the fetus during the first pregnancy, and the lack of progesterone is one of the causes of infertility, because even if pregnancy occurs, the placenta and fetus will not grow, making the fetus unviable or early death of the fetus .
Problems with cervical mucus:
The job of cervical mucus is to facilitate the passage of sperm through it to the female reproductive organs. But in the case of cervical mucus problems that may be due to infection or contain antibodies that kill sperm or prevent their passage, and therefore inflammation of the cervix or a narrow cervix leads to the failure of pregnancy.
Medical causes in men that cause delayed pregnancy
Among these reasons:
The lack of movement, the number of sperms, or the absence of them, or the presence of impurities in them abnormally, all lead to a decrease in the fertility of a man.
It can negatively affect the transport of fertile sperm, and infections can cause obstruction of the tubes, including gonorrhea or chlamydia, or enlarged veins in the scrotum. All of this affects the transmission of sperm.
25% of this condition is diagnosed, due to failure to find the actual cause even after tests and evaluations have been done.
Among the reasons are also:
Undergoing surgery on the testicles.
Suffering from erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation
How to prevent pregnancy delay
Some causes of delayed pregnancy can be prevented, while others cannot be prevented.
We will mention some ways that increase the possibility of pregnancy:
Doing exercise and eating a healthy diet:
Exercise has a positive effect on sexual health in both men and women, but you should not engage in extreme sports. That is, maintaining a moderate physique, taking care of nutrition in addition to taking nutritional supplements.
Increasing the frequency of intercourse:
In this way, it is possible to increase the chance of pregnancy, so that it can be during the period of fertility or ovulation in a woman, and for a greater chance of pregnancy, it is preferable to have intercourse five days before ovulation and one or two days after ovulation.
Avoid unhealthy habits:
It is recommended to avoid habits that may increase the chance of delayed pregnancy in women and men, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and drug abuse.
Maintaining an appropriate weight:
Because the increase or decrease in weight affects the production of hormones in many women.
pregnancy delay treatment
There is more than one treatment method that can be resorted to to help speed up the occurrence of pregnancy.
and to get rid of the problem of infertility in men or women.
and the choice of the appropriate method depends on: age and the main cause of the problem of delayed pregnancy, and among these methods are the following:
Reliance on drug treatments:
Some medications are used to increase the sperm count in men, or some medications that stimulate ovulation in women.
Some problems of delayed pregnancy may require a surgical procedure to correct the health problem.
such as: blockage of the sperm stream in the man, varicocele, or the woman suffering from problems in the ovaries or uterus.
The principle of intrauterine insemination is the injection of the semen taken from the man into the woman’s uterus during the ovulation period.
and sometimes the doctor prescribes a drug that stimulates the ovulation process in the woman, before performing this operation.
Assisted Insemination Techniques:
The most famous of these is the process of artificial insemination, which takes place outside the body or the so-called IVF. In this process, the ovum is fertilized by collecting it with sperm in the laboratory.
that is, outside the woman’s womb. Then the fertilized ovum is returned to the woman’s uterus.
Reasons for delayed second pregnancy:
Delayed pregnancy problems do not stop with the first pregnancy, some couples have problems with the second pregnancy as well. It can be due to low fertility, which is known as secondary infertility. Some of the reasons for not getting pregnant include:
- If the woman is over 35 years old, the number of ovum decreases and the chances of pregnancy decrease.
- If men are over the age of 50 their fertility and sperm decline.
- Complications from the first pregnancy.
- Hormonal imbalance that causes changes in ovulation and menstrual cycles.
- Surgical errors that cause damage to the fallopian tubes.