How do I take care of a caesarean section wound?

caesarean section wound

Caesarean section wound care

It is important to take care of the caesarean section wound (C-section) to prevent some complications that will be mentioned in this article. And it is slightly swollen, but over time the place of the wound or scar resulting from the operation becomes less prominent and its color becomes similar to the color of the skin or may be slightly whitish.

And most often the wound remains thin and more tender for at least three weeks, and women may suffer During the first period after childbirth, several symptoms vary in severity among women; It may include cramps, bleeding and pain at the site of the operation.

And the intensity of these symptoms begins to decrease gradually after two to three days of the operation, and continues to decrease over time, and most often the woman needs pain relievers during the first two weeks after undergoing the operation, and the appropriate medication is dispensed from The doctor accepted to ensure that it is safe for the breastfeeding woman.

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And it is worth mentioning that the woman stays in the hospital after undergoing a caesarean section for two to four days before leaving the house, and returns for periodic review after a month to a month and a half after her discharge.

Tips to speed up recovery

There are some tips that help speed up wound healing and recovery, and the following are mentioned for some of them:

Wound care

The surgical wound site must be kept clean; It is possible to wash the area without the need to put a waterproof layer on it when taking a shower, and it is preferable when washing the wound with soap and water not to rub too hard, and it is important to dry the wound well with a clean, dry towel, and it is preferable to wear loose clothing, especially when sleeping to allow the air to reach the site of the operation wound.

Which in turn helps to heal the wound, in fact, the opinions of doctors differ in terms of keeping the wound covered with a bandage or to be exposed. The woman should change the dressing in general once a day, and this may be repeated more than once if it becomes dirty, or if it becomes wet, and the doctor may prescribe some ointments that are applied to the site of the wound.

As antibiotic ointments, or moisturizing ointments that contain petroleum jelly or petroleum jelly, as for the other part of the doctors, they prefer not to cover the wound site with a medical bandage and keep it without applying any kind of ointment, so the doctor must be sure about the method Best suited to a woman’s condition.

Take ways to relieve pain: This may include prescribing pain relievers; Such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, warm water compresses, or warm clothes can be made to reduce pain.

Getting enough rest: Rest is essential, and this includes keeping the baby’s and mother’s necessities close at hand, and getting enough sleep, and in the first period after birth, the mother may need to adjust her sleep time to match her baby’s sleep time.

Avoid having sexual intercourse during the first six weeks after the caesarean section: to reduce the possibility of wound infection.

Choosing the right clothes: such as loose clothing because it provides comfort, and it is indicated that wearing cotton underwear that has a high waist will provide support to the abdominal area, and thus provide comfort to the mother and reduce pain, especially during the first six weeks after birth.

Supporting the stomach and abdominal area: It is important to support the abdominal area, especially when laughing, sneezing, or coughing.

Quit smoking: Smoking affects wound healing negatively. This is due to its effect on the ability to grow and repair tissues, and a smoker is more likely to have an infection in the operation wound compared to a non-smoking woman.

Visiting the doctor to remove the operation stitches: to close the operation wound, different methods are used; Including the non-dissolving stitches, which must be removed by the doctor, and are often removed a week after birth, and if they remain for a longer period of time than allowed, this may lead to the emergence of complications; It has striped scars.

See the doctor periodically: You must see the doctor after a caesarean section, and the date of the visit after birth and the number of visits differ from one woman to another, so you must follow the doctor’s instructions regarding his visit.

Physical activities

You should avoid doing a lot of housework or other activities during the first two weeks, and you should avoid making sudden movements, bending, twisting, or practicing intense exercises that include the abdominal area for at least a month and a half after the operation.

And you should not carry weights whose weight exceeds the weight of The child, and the doctor should be consulted before starting to exercise any exercises, taking into account the importance of doing appropriate physical activities and practicing light movement to help heal wounds.

Deep vein thrombosis, which has a high risk of infection during labor and the postpartum stage as well, so it is preferable for a woman to move within 24 hours of birth in order to reduce the possibility of blood clots, and this also contributes to improving bowel movement, and reducing pain Gas, but these physical activities should be moderate, such as:

Rotating the shoulders: To reduce stiffness, take a sitting or standing position, and then move the shoulders in both directions 20 times, and the exercise can be repeated every hour.

Deep breathing: To prevent lung congestion associated with sitting in bed, two to three deep breaths can be taken every half hour.

Stretching exercises: This exercise contributes to increasing flexibility in the wound area, and includes standing on the wall and raising the hands as high as possible so that the abdominal muscles stretch so that the body is fixed in this position for five seconds and then the body is relaxed, and this exercise can be repeated up to ten times a day.

Diet

During the first period after cesarean delivery, the mother may feel a loss of appetite, but she must eat an adequate amount of food if she is able to do so, especially if she is breastfeeding.

The daily caloric need of the nursing mother to produce milk in an appropriate quantity ranges between 1500 to 1800 calories.

Therefore, mothers are advised to eat small quantities, but with several meals during the day, and it is indicated that the quality of food is as important as the quantity. It is necessary to eat food that contains all nutrients, and it is preferable to focus on food rich in proteins.

This is because protein helps tissue growth and thus plays a role in healing the wound of the process. Vegetables and fruits are no less important than the rest of the food, so it is preferable to have them in abundant quantities. They act as solid laxatives and thus reduce constipation. The doctor may prescribe some nutritional supplements for women after childbirth.

Such as iron, for example, or the doctor may prescribe solid laxatives (bulk laxatives) for some cases of constipation, and it is worth sticking to taking them according to the doctor’s instructions, and because water makes up a large proportion of the human body, it is important to drink sufficient quantities of water; That is, approximately two liters per day, in order to replace the fluids lost by the woman during childbirth; To relieve constipation.

Bathing

Personal hygiene is an essential part of human life, and many women may want to take a shower after undergoing a cesarean section, in which the wound is closed in several ways; Such as stitches, adhesives, or using clips, and if clips are used to close the wound, they should not be removed immediately, as they fall off by themselves after a week of the operation, but if they do not fall out despite the passage of more than 10 days.

They can be removed at home unless there are instructions from the doctor to prevent That is, and it is worth noting that the possibility of showering and the access of water to the wound area depends mainly on the type of stitches used; It is worth avoiding permanently getting water to the wound area that was stitched using clips.

But in cases of using other types of stitches, the woman can shower a day after the procedure, provided that the water is passed over the wound area according to specific instructions, and in general it is preferable to Bathing in these cases is fast instead of taking it for a long time, but in both ways you must follow some steps and tips, including:

Procedures to be followed: These include the following:

  • Wash hands with soap and water before removing the gauze or cover from the operation wound.
  • Remove any covering or dressing over the operation wound before showering, unless otherwise directed by the doctor.
  • Gently sprinkle water on the wound area.
  • Dry the area after you have finished showering or bathing with a tampon or patting it with a dry towel.

Procedures to be avoided: These include the following:

  • Avoid lying in the bathtub or in hot tubs, or swimming, before at least three weeks of the operation.
  • Avoid applying preparations directly to the wound; Including soap, shower gel, lotion, or talcum powder.
  • Avoid putting water directly on the wound.
  • Avoid rubbing the wound area as this may delay wound healing and may cause pain.

Tags: Pregnancy, skin care

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