Breeding Canaries ,Mating canary birds, Reliable information

Breeding Canaries

Breeding Canaries

Your comprehensive guide to understanding the process of mating between canaries

Canaries have been raised in Germany for generations, and those from colder climates have developed a strong resistance to the cold.

When purchasing canaries, however, it is critical to learn about the conditions in which they were maintained. Over time, they should be gradually acclimatized to lower – or higher – temperatures.

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It’s also important to remember that freshly acquired birds are experiencing the stress of transferring to a new environment. Their immune system will be weakened for a while, therefore extra precautions must be taken to keep them safe from draughts and cold.

New birds must be isolated for at least a month from current breeding stock to protect both the existing breeding stock and the new canary’s immune system, which will be weakened initially owing to the stress of being placed in a new environment.

It’s a good idea to clean up the hen’s vent region before breeding season to boost the chances of fertilization. Long nails tend to get trapped in the nesting material when they leave the nest, so clip them as well. When this happens, they frequently remove the nesting material out of the nest, along with any eggs or chicks on or in it.

Breeding in a Cage:

Choose a light place if you like to breed your canaries inside. Enough sunlight is necessary for their health and well-being, as well as to get them ready to procreate when the time comes.

The cage should be at least 24 x 16 x 16 inches in size (or even bigger for the larger canary breeds, such as the Yorkshire Canary). A mechanism for making it simple for the canaries to build the nest, as well as a crib made of hemp or burlap, should be included in addition to the standard cage accessories like as perches, seed and water bowls, and sand or newspaper to cover the cage floor. Canary nest cups are commonly accepted by canaries and are available at pet stores. However, try to avoid the “flimsy” ones that quickly come apart.

Nothing is more heartbreaking than finding viable eggs smashed in the bottom of the cage or aviary as a result of this. The fragile ones aren’t much better. You may believe you are saving money, but you aren’t because of the loss of eggs or chicks, as well as the ongoing cost of replacing these cups. Of course, if you’re a bit handy and can figure out a method to secure them, why not?

If you intend to reproduce, make sure you have adequate space in your cages for the young birds, even after they have grown to be self-sufficient.

Getting Canaries Ready to Breed:

During the mating season, which usually begins in the second part of March, the male and female birds are placed in the breeding cage.

Soon after, the hen begins to construct a nest. If she determines that this is a good spot to establish a brood, she will most likely breed in open cup nests, sometimes even taking nesting material to their feeding dish.

Cup nests are commercially available, however they are typically weak, hang down to the point where the eggs or chicks may fall out, or tumble down entirely. For most canaries, the best option is to find a strong, robust cup nest.

In the absence of a good open cup nest, some may accept a closed nest. It is desirable since eggs or chicks are less likely to fall out this way.

The male begins wooing the hen as the mating season begins. She crouches down and they mate if she is ready and willing.

The hen lays four to five blue-green, brown speckled eggs in a day, seldom two days apart. The tiny infant canaries hatch out after 13 to 14 days of incubation, with the hen sitting on the nest.

Regular (scalded) milk combined with Hi-Protein baby cereal in a soupy consistency works nicely for the first few days. After around 4 days, egg food can be given (egg yolk is not well tolerated by the young birds).

After the first few days, you can give your birds egg-food in addition to the usual seeds. You may make your own nestling food using mashed hard-boiled eggs, including the shell (for added calcium), soaked whole wheat bread, and possibly chopped carrots. Nesting food, which may also be combined with egg, is available at the shop.

Add one pound chopped carrots and a dozen grated hard boiled eggs to four cups of dry nestling food. In a food processor, chop the eggs, shells and all. This is enough food for roughly fifty laying hens. To guarantee that no poultry infections are transferred, boil the eggs for 12 to 14 minutes.

This combination is fed to the birds in a quantity that they can consume in one hour. This egg mix is given to all birds once a day in a reward cup. During the day, the supply of food for birds with young is replenished. The nestling meal containing the egg degrades quickly, especially in the heat. It’s ideal to make the egg mixture from scratch every day. If this isn’t feasible, immediately refrigerate any leftovers.

NOTE: Egg feeding should be confined to the breeding season, since overfeeding can cause health issues. Once the chicks are able to shatter shells, stop giving them egg food.

Canaries are often good parents, and both parents look after their chicks for roughly four weeks. The baby canary birds leave the nest at roughly 21 days of age, begin awkwardly moving around in the cage, but eventually coordinate their movements and begin to feed themselves on egg food and seeds.

How are canaries mating?

Breeding Canaries ,Mating canary birds
Breeding Canaries ,Mating canary birds

Canary birds are considered easy to breed compared to other birds, and female canaries are less expensive; Because they do not sing, but in all cases, you must choose good types of them for mating and take into account some other things, according to the following:

Choosing the right birds for mating

Canary birds suitable for mating can be selected according to the following:

  • Choose young canaries with good feathers, not feathers that grow and pluck.
  • Choose a good male canary, which is active and sings constantly.
  • Choose an active female canary, who can be a brooding mother, so she can build the nest, put straw in it, or she may lay her eggs in open dishes.
  • Be careful not to raise two birds, a male and a female, who have the same type of feathers, as if they both have fine feathers; This can cause infection or disease of feather cysts, and it is preferable to raise a crested bird with another non-crowned, and the soft feathers can be distinguished by its light appearance, while the hard feathers fill the bird’s back and have a darker color.
  • Choosing a female canary at the age of 7 months, and a male at the age of 9 months until reaching the first year, It is the most suitable age for mating.

How long is canary breeding season?

Do canaries have a mating season?

In the countries of the Middle East, the canary mating period begins from late February and early March, and continues until the end of July, and the period may be long or short depending on the climate, as it is linked to the spring season.

As the reproductive cycle of the canary is closely related to light, it begins the mating phase when it knows that the day is long and the night is short, so we should not expose canary birds to artificial light during sexual rest periods.

Because there are some breeders who deliberately expose canaries to light, in order to get eggs faster, but this process is confusing to their body system, and therefore harmful.

What do canaries do when mating?

Male canary

The presence of the male and female in the cage together, and at the time specified above, indicates that mating will occur, and then the male begins to sing or sing, then dances and swings from side to side while singing spinning songs and extends his head towards the female.

Female canary

How do you know when a female canary is ready to mate?

The activity increases significantly in the female through movement and flight in all directions, and she continues to clap her wings to each other even when she lands on the floor of the cage, and when she hears the courtship of the male, she takes the position of insemination, by lowering her body so that it touches the stalk or the ground, and raises her tail and head to the highest limit, and this is an indication Prepare for vaccination.

And when she is ready to mate completely, all the feathers are removed from her stomach until her back, as the female must be placed in the mating cage a week before the actual marriage to get used to it.

Providing appropriate food for canaries

Care must be taken to provide good food for the canary birds during the mating period, which is as follows:

Protein foods and seeds

Canary birds need in their diet a high level of protein during their breeding seasons, as the wild canary reproduces when the spring rains sprout the seeds on which it feeds, and these seeds can also be kept in the refrigerator, and the breeder can plant and pick the seeds himself.

Hard-boiled eggs

Canary birds need in their diet a high level of protein during their breeding seasons, as the wild canary reproduces when the spring rains sprout the seeds on which it feeds, and these seeds can also be kept in the refrigerator, and the breeder can plant and pick the seeds himself.

Vegetables for canaries

Fresh vegetables should be fed to your canary daily during the breeding season.

Provide proper lighting

It is important to place canaries in cages that have access to light in all directions; And that is by providing it with light devices and setting it at certain times, with an increase in the lighting time every day by a few minutes until the lighting period reaches 12 hours per day.

Be sure to have a small night light if using the timer; So that the birds are not surprised by the change of lighting, and to prevent them from getting hurt while trying to find each other at night.

Provide nests and nesting materials

During the canary mating period, nests must be provided according to the following conditions:

Provide open basins for nesting, which can be plastic (available at pet stores), and then hang them next to the cage from the back, making sure that the nest is accessible; To be able to monitor the chicks when they hatch.

Install a small pillow at the bottom of the nest bowl; Birds may not be able to build their nest well, and therefore the eggs will not have a good incubation and temperature.

Placing natural nesting materials such as cotton, shredded paper, dried lint or commercial weeding materials, as well as being careful not to place nests made of fibres, polystyrene or nylon; In order not to entangle the feet of the canary and the latter loses one of its feet.

The date of the start of the mating period for canaries

The mating phase of the canary begins in the second half of March; The female begins to build the nest in open cups or her food dish or any good place, and at this stage, the male canary begins to court his female, and if she is ready to mate, she will bend down and mate within a day.

The male canary’s singing and dancing also increases when he is ready to mate, in addition to the swelling, bending and widening of the ventilation opening, and his movement and activity increases in the cage, in addition to the fall of his wings and the increase in the brightness of his feathers.

How long after mating are canary eggs laid?

After mating, the female lays 4-5 eggs dotted in blue, green or brown, and then incubates them until the young canaries come out.

How do you keep a canary bird’s eggs safe?

The egg is taken from the cage to be examined and to know that it is fertilized or not, and placed to be kept in a safe place while avoiding being scratched, and when the female finishes laying all the eggs, all the eggs are returned to the cage for hatching to occur together at the same time.

Before laying all the eggs, the cage must be cleaned, and the eggs should be returned so as not to disturb the female during the natural incubation period, which lasts from 12-14 days, and there are some breeders who do not take the eggs from the cage and leave them as they are. Transferring it to another female, or leaving it to help the female and her chicks, and to feed the female while she is in the ovary.

When hatching, the male begins to tweet loudly and remains in a state of constant movement in the cage, and the breeder must not disturb the birds and take them out of their cages; Because it may lead to the death of the chicks, as a result of the mother’s discomfort and her failure to feed her chicks.

Newly hatched canary feeding method

Small canaries depend on their parents for the first three weeks, and it is preferable to put easy and small food for the mother to feed her young.

Including boiling an egg for ten minutes, then grinding it into small atoms and placing them within the mother’s reach, and making sure that the food is few and sufficient; So as not to overburden the young, which leads to the accumulation of fat.

Conditions necessary for mating between canaries

For canary mating, certain conditions must be met, most notably the following:

  • Provide a medium or slightly larger cage, separated or divided into two parts.
  • The cage has a suitable jar or bucket and is lined with burlap or feathers; To lay eggs by a female canary.
  • Avoid getting married during the plucking period. That is, the period of lack of feathers for the canary during which the canary is tired, physically and psychologically, and is unable to mate.
  • Provide a female canary smaller than the male in age and size; To be able to control it during mating.
  • Ensure that the blades are replaced; And that through the appearance of the tail feathers and the completeness of the feathers on the wings.
  • Ensure that canaries are free of any congenital or medical defects such as cutting the leg, scales of the leg, or swelling under the feathers.
Tags: Pet birds

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