How to know the early signs of autism in babies

autism at two years old symptoms

How do I recognize a child with autism?

Autism at two years old symptoms

Autism is defined as a complex developmental disability, in which a child suffers from the first three years of his life, due to neurological disorders that affect brain functions, causing poor communication development and social skills for the child.

Symptoms of autism in children

A child with autism can be distinguished by knowing his social and personal interactions, as a child with autism suffers from his inability to communicate, due to his inability to develop nonverbal communication skills, such as: eye staring, or the ability to show facial expressions.

In addition to his lack of ability to make friends, share accomplishments, play with other children, difficulty understanding other people’s feelings, such as pain or sadness,

The possibility of identifying a child with autism is indicated, due to several symptoms that the child shows at an early age, and among these symptoms are the lack of response when calling them by their names, the loss of language skills, and the emergence of autism spectrum disorders, where it is difficult for the child to learn.

Due to his low level of intelligence, compared to the child Usually, the child shows autism during the first year, but a small number of children develop normally during the first year, and then symptoms of autism begin to appear from the age of 18-24 months.

Verbal and nonverbal communication

A child with autism shows symptoms of his inability to learn, as nearly 40% of people with autism show their inability to speak, in addition to their inability to start conversations, repeating words and phrases, and their inability to understand the speaker’s point of view, in addition to his failure to understand meaning of words.

behavioral patterns

A child with autism exhibits many strange behaviors, including the following:

  • Hypersensitivity to many external auditory, visual and sensory stimuli.
  • Severe intolerance to loud sounds, noises, and visual stimuli.
  • Useless repetition of many behaviors, such as: constant shaking, teeth grinding, hand flapping, and tiptoe walking.
  • Outbursts of anger, or direct physical attack.
  • Opening and closing various rotating objects, such as a power switch, spinning the spinning toy for hours on end.

limited focus

A child with autism shows an unusual focus on small pieces and parts, focusing on playing parts, such as the wheels of a car, instead of playing with the car as a whole, in addition to his preoccupation with certain topics, such as interest in a video game or others, and his desire for routine and meditation, and his insistence on crossing The same way to school.

Poor physical contact

Most children with autism suffer from physical contact problems, so that they do not want to be embraced, or touched by one of the others, but this does not apply to all individuals, as a child with autism may embrace one of his relatives, or his family, such as the mother or father.

It is a matter of practice and habit only, and if the child expects physical contact from one of his acquaintances, he will laugh and enjoy it, unlike the child who did not expect physical contact.

Signs of autism at two years old

what causes autism in 2 year old? –  what does autism look like in a 2 year old?
When the child reaches two years of age, the symptoms of autism appear more clearly. While his peers of age interact and communicate well, a child with autism appears to have symptoms that are contrary and worrying to his family if they notice them suggesting something suspicious. These symptoms are as follows:

  • Pronunciation problems: He does not pronounce any words until 16 months, and he cannot form sentences consisting of two words until he reaches the age of two.
  • Stagnation: He doesn’t smile when you laugh with him, he doesn’t interact with others, and he doesn’t show interest when someone points out anything interesting.
  • Poor communication: He does not respond to the call and does not make eye contact.
  • Social problems: Not playing with others.

Causes of autism

Until this moment, there is no specific cause for autism, but some of the studies that have been conducted indicate genetic causes, and others indicate non-genetic reasons such as exposure to environmental toxins, food allergies, some vaccines, digestion breakfast, and the pregnant mother’s exposure to an accident or bleeding or taking some medications, except In all, there can be genetic reasons behind this disease, as there are about 5 to 15 genes, and they are responsible for the occurrence of various disabilities in addition to external factors that help.

How to treat autism

Autism at two years old symptoms

There is no complete cure for autism, autism, classic autism disorder, autism spectrum disorder, or autism spectrum disorder to date, and the methods used in the treatment of autism aim to increase the patient’s ability to exercise his or her activities.

And his daily life, and this is achieved by alleviating symptoms and supporting the development and learning process of the patient, and to achieve this; The treatment journey for the injured usually begins during the pre-school stage. 

As these early interventions help the child learn social and communication skills, in addition to acquiring various behavioral and functional skills, and the treatment methods used vary according to the case, as there is no single treatment suitable for all children.

People with autism, so parents should review specialists to determine the best treatment methods that suit the child’s need once he is diagnosed with autism, and in general there are many treatment methods that can be applied at home, or at school, and it is worth noting that treatment strategies may vary over time.

The time in response to the needs of the patient himself, and the earlier the treatment, the better the results, and the different treatments for autism will be explained in the following.

Behavior and communication therapies

As mentioned previously, autism is associated with some behavioral, social, and language difficulties, and therefore behavior and communication treatments include many different programs, some of which work to provide the child with new skills and reduce behavioral problems, and some focus on teaching children with autism the correct way of interaction towards social situations. They are exposed to different kinds of problems, and teach them how to better communicate with others.

Applied Behavior Analysis

Applied behavior analysis is one of the types of autism treatments proven to be effective in improving the skills of sufferers and reducing their need for some special services, as it works to develop specific behaviors, such as: social skills, communication, reading, and academic skills, in addition to Providing the child with adaptive learning skills.

Which include fine motor skills, the foundations of personal hygiene, the necessary abilities to perform household tasks, punctuality, as well as functional efficiency.

In school, home, workplace, or medical clinics, applied behavior analysis is divided into several types, which we mention as follows:Discrete trial training: This type identifies a specific behavior that the sufferer wants to acquire, and then divides it into simple steps to facilitate its implementation.

Early intensive behavioral intervention: This is a type of treatment that is intended for children under the age of 5 years.

Pivotal response treatment training, which focuses on important aspects of the affected child’s development, such as self-management and assuming responsibility when dealing with some social situations.

Verbal behavior intervention, which aims to improve the verbal skills of a child with autism.

Educational therapies

Educational treatments include a set of highly organized educational programs that improve and develop social skills, communication, and behaviors.

For the success of this type of treatment, a team of specialists is required, in addition to a variety of activities.

Experiences have shown that the application of these behavioral interventions is extensive.

 Individually for autistic children of pre-school age would achieve the desired development and a good response.

Family therapies

Family therapies are about teaching parents and family members in general how to interact and play with their autistic children, which ensures a set of results, including enhancing social interaction skills, controlling incorrect behavior, learning daily living skills, in addition to proper communication.

Speech therapy

Speech therapy helps to overcome communication problems that people with autism may suffer from, and this can be achieved by using a speech therapist to teach the autistic how to match facial expressions with what he feels.

How to interpret body language, and how to answer questions, in addition to working on teaching him How to find and notice the nuances in the tone of voice, and help to strengthen the way of pronunciation and increase its clarity.

Autism at two years old symptoms

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy includes developing the skills necessary for daily life, and achieving a kind of self-reliance and independence.

Starting to try and apply these skills outside of the training sessions, and among the skills that are taught to a child with autism during occupational therapy sessions: wearing clothes without any assistance, basics of personal hygiene, and some fine motor skills.

Social skills classes

Social skills classes, as the name shows, aim to help improve the way a child with autism interacts with others, in addition to teaching him how to form social bonds with them.

Training and applying these classes can be done in various places; Such as at home, school, or the community, and these classes are managed by a specialist, and it is important to cooperate with parents and train them in order to improve the child’s social skills.

Problems transitioning into adulthood

During adolescence, people with autism face some difficulties in understanding the physical changes that occur in their bodies, in addition to the fact that social situations become more complex during adolescence, and behavioral problems during this stage are more difficult to control, and the acceptance of differences between individuals in general decreases.

All of these constitute obstacles that require taking appropriate methods to deal with and control them.

Signs of autism in children

Signs of autism in children include:

 He cannot respond to the movements and orders of his parents, or to anyone who calls him by his name, and he has a defect in perception, so that he does not resort to asking for help from his parents.

He does not prefer playing with others, but always prefers to be alone.

He cannot repeat the words spoken in front of him, even if they are repeated more than once, and he cannot form sentences easily.

He refuses to be touched or hugged.

He often takes things seriously and has no sense of humor.

He spends a lot of time arranging games.

He often suffers from some digestive diseases such as constipation, and he also suffers from a lack of sleep.

He repeats strange movements such as swinging the hands and spinning, and he cannot remain stable for a long time in one condition, so we find him constantly moving, and his movements are random and unorganized.

He cannot communicate easily with others, and uses an odd tone of speech.

It is very sensitive to light and sound.

He cannot be aware of other people’s feelings and feelings.

He is more aggressive than other children, and often has outbursts of extreme anger.

His feeling and response to pain are relatively low.

Slow in learning, or he may have a severe level of intelligence, depending on the nature of the child.

Cannot keep track of things visually.

Tips for dealing with an autistic child

There are a number of tips for dealing with autistic children, including:

Providing psychological support to the child, so that we can develop his self-confidence to overcome this stage.

Monitoring the child continuously without notifying him of it; To note any new developments in his condition.

Be careful not to deal violently with him and yell at him and belittle him.

Training him to play in groups and mingle with other children, to eliminate his loneliness.

Signs of autism in a baby

Many of the symptoms or signs that may indicate that a baby has autism or autism spectrum disorder may not appear before the age of 6 months.

Most of the signs usually appear between 6-12 months of age, and you should see your doctor when the signs of autism appear, which will be mentioned later, during this period of about six months; It is indicated that early diagnosis and treatment may play an important role in developing and building the skills of the affected child in the future.

With the need to note that the appearance of any of these signs alone does not mean a diagnosis of autism, and the following is a statement of these signs and symptoms in some detail:

Baby does not smile

A naturally developing baby smiles reflexively and reflexively at the age of 3 months or earlier; He may start smiling usually from the age of one month, but this does not apply to infants with autism; They notice the scarcity of smiling and the lack of facial expressions, and a simple test can be done to note this.

A person can look with a face without apparent expressions for the infant and then smile a clear smile, and remain in this shape for a few seconds, with the possibility of repeating the experiment for three or four times.

And in this case the naturally developing infant will smile most of the times, if not all Unlike a child with autism, which is indicated that parents find it difficult to know the times of his happiness because of the scarcity of his smile, and although some children with autism may smile, but even when they smile, they do not share their joy with those around them.

Poor eye contact

Loss or poor eye contact in an infant with those around him may be one of the early signs of autism. In fact, stimulating the natural child to look at his parents, focus in their eyes, and get their attention is easy, unlike a child with autism who does not show continuous eye contact to attract the attention of a person in front of him.

For example, he may not express his desire to obtain something through eye contact, or he may not look at his parents when he sees something that excites him.

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