Anemia..symptoms and the cure and the types of anemia

Anemia the symptoms and the cure

diagnosis

To diagnose anemia and know the symptoms and the cure, your doctor may ask you about your medical and family history, then examine you physically, and ask you to take the following tests:

Full blood count: you take a full blood count test to calculate the number of blood cells in a sample of your blood.

For Anemia, your doctor will likely focus on knowing the levels of red blood cells in the blood (hematocrit) and hemoglobin in the blood.

Normal rates of hematocrit in adults vary among medical specialties.

generally range from 40% to 50% for men and between 35% and 43% for women.

In general, natural hemoglobin ratios in adults range from 13.6 to 16.9 grams per dl for men and between 11.9 and 14.8 grams per dl for women.

The numbers may be lower for those who are very physically active, pregnant women, or older persons.

These numbers may also increase in the case of smoking and staying in high-altitude areas.

Test to determine the size and shape of red blood cells: Some red blood cells can also be examined to check for size, shape, and abnormal color.

Additional diagnostic tests

If you are diagnosed with anemia, your doctor may recommend additional tests to find out why.

Sometimes it may be necessary to examine a bone marrow sample to diagnose anemia.

therapy

The treatment of anemia depends on its cause:

anemia caused by a Lack of iron cells in the blood:

treatment for this type of anemia usually involves taking iron supplements and introducing some changes to your diet. This may require some people to receive iron and intravenously.

If the cause of the deficiency is blood loss for a reason other than menstruation.

then the source of the bleeding should be determined and stopped.

This may involve surgery.

if the reason is vitamin deficiency:

Treatment for folic acid and vitamin C deficiencies involves taking supplements and increasing these two dietary elements in your diet.

If your digestive system has difficulty absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat,

you may need to inject vitamin B-12. At first, you may inject daily. Over time, you’ll need the syringe once a month, which can last a lifetime, depending on your condition.

What you can do

Before your medical appointment, make a list:

  • Write down any symptoms you had, and when it’s started
  • essential personal information, including exposure to severe stress, implanted medical devices, exposure to toxins or chemicals, and recent life changes
  • All medications, vitamins, and other supplements you take, including doses.
  • Questions to ask your doctor

For anemia, the basic questions to ask your doctor about the symptoms and the cure:

  • What are the most likely causes of these symptoms?
  • Are there other possible reasons?
  • Do I need to make tests?
  • Is my anemia temporary or long-term?
  • What treatment is available, and what treatment do you recommend?
  • What side effects of treatment can I expect?
  • I have some other health problems. How do I handle these problems together better?
  • Do I need to restrict my diet?
  • Do I need to add certain foods to my diet? How many times do I need to eat these foods?
  • Are there any other publications or topics I can get? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

see the doctor to know the symptoms and the cure
you have to see a doctor
  • Do symptoms appear and disappear or persist?
  • How severe are the symptoms?
  • Is there anything that seems to improve the symptoms you feel?
  • What, if any, exacerbates your symptoms?
  • Are you a vegetarian?
  • How much fruit and vegetables do you usually eat every day?
  • Do you have alcohol? If you’re drinking alcohol, how many times and how much do you usually eat?
  • Do you smoke?
  • Have you donated blood more than once recently?

Important information about hemoglobin.

important information about hemoglobin blood is the following:

  • Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein rich with red iron.
  • Hemoglobin helps transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and transport carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs, so that it can be removed from the body in exhalation.
  • Most blood cells, including red blood cells, are produced continuously in pure bone marrow, a red sponge found inside the body’s large bone cavities.
  • In order to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, the body needs iron, other minerals, vitamins and proteins available in human food, as well as some hormones, the most important of which is erythropoietin (EPO), which the kidneys release in order to produce red blood cells.
  • The average age of a red blood cell is between 110 and 120 days.
  • When a person suffers from anemia, his body does not produce enough red blood cells, but many of them are lost or destroyed faster than they can produce new blood cells.

Hemoglobin values differ

There are some special groups that have different natural hemoglobin values from other humans for genetic or genetic reasons or for lifestyle reasons, including:

  • Smokers

Smokers as you know have higher hematocrit values than non-smokers, making it difficult to detect anemia because it does not appear during laboratory tests.

  • Highlanders

People living at high sea levels have higher hemoglobin values than those living near sea-level rise.

  • African Americans.

People of African descent have 0.5-1.0 g/dL lower hemoglobin values than globally recognized values.

  • Athletes

Sportspeople have natural hemoglobin values different from world-renowned natural values.

When is anemia becomes fatal?

The risk to the life of an anemia patient varies depending on several factors, as follows:

Type of anemia and diseases causing it

If you’re wondering when anemia is dangerous? First, you should know what type of anemia occurs, as some types of blood are more life-threatening than others, and some anemia are more serious than others, as follows: 

  • Aplastic anemia

This type of anemia, also called bone marrow failure, usually occurs when the bone marrow is damaged for some reason and therefore is unable to produce red blood cells as usual.

The cause of the damage here to the bone marrow may be one of the things that are:

  • pregnancy.
  • immune diseases.
  • Cancer treatments.
  • Exposure to chemicals.
  • Severe thalassemia

Thalassemia is a genetic disease in which the body does not produce sufficient amounts of hemoglobin, which negatively affects the production of red blood cells in the body.

Myelodysplastic syndrome

This type of disease causes the cells responsible for producing red blood cells in the bone marrow to be unable to do so normally, it reduces the number of cells that the body produces, and what your body produces from them is usually faulty.

This type of disease is usually included in the classifications of cancers and may over time become a type of leukemia.

Fanconi anemia

This rare condition is a genetic condition in which the patient develops a bone marrow defect and his ability to produce healthy blood cells, and may cause physical abnormalities or defects in various areas of the body, such as: 

  • Giving birth to a damaged kidney.
  • Infertility.
  • Deformities in the skeleton.
  • Hearing loss.

Accompanying complications and timing of treatment

If you do not receive the correct and timely treatment of anemia, here anemia may be already serious and life-threatening, and these are some long-term and serious complications of anemia:

  • Extreme fatigue that prevents the patient from engaging in normal activities in his daily life.
  • Heart problems and complications, as anemia can cause heart palpitations and heart failure over time or swell.
  • Pregnancy problems, especially during pregnancy, anemia can cause early birth of the child or other serious matters, which explains when anemia is serious?
  • Depression and severe and bad mood all the time.
  • Increased chances of developing various infections and infections.
  • Developmental problems, especially in children.
  • Death, if anemia is associated with certain serious diseases or if the type of anemia falls into serious types of anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, anemia here may eventually cause the patient’s death. 

Are you still wondering when anemia is dangerous? You should turn to your doctor as soon as you feel any symptoms of your anemia in order to avoid the potential damage and risks mentioned.

In 2016, WHO started a five-year project to review its global guidelines for hemoglobin cut-offs.

The methods of confrontation are the need to strengthen the flour used in the production of bread supported by certain nutrients such as iron and vitamins.

to ensure access to as many citizens as possible, and this method has proven effective results in developed countries, in addition to intensifying information campaigns

raise awareness of anemia

to raise awareness of anemia and ways to address it, not to mention increasing the number of medical units to detect the disease early and its causes, and to describe appropriate treatment.

He also stressed the need to provide more specialized fixed and mobile clinics that roam villages, hamlets, and provinces.

in order to detect anemia through proper diagnosis and description of appropriate treatment, and the World Health Organization has recently made good steps in this context.

through the launch of the 100 million health initiative, which includes early detection of anemia in women, as part of a comprehensive examination of a range of diseases, including C virus, Covid-19 and others, and provide treatment for it.

Tags: Anemia, diseases

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