Abortion in the first month of pregnancy

Abortion in the first month of pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time of great joy. It’s time to breathe a sigh of relief and do your best, and you’ll be expecting the new baby within nine months.

But things don’t always go as expected. Because for one reason or another, the pregnancy may be interrupted. This is also called a abortion.

About 80% of abortions are known to occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (first trimester). The underlying cause in about half of cases involves chromosomal abnormalities. Other conditions that can produce similar symptoms include ectopic pregnancy and implantation bleeding.

What is an abortion

A abortion is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during early pregnancy. It is also called a spontaneous abortion. This usually happens during the first trimester of pregnancy. It is known that 10 to 25 percent of all clinically recognized pregnancies end in abortion . The cause of abortion varies from woman to woman. Often the cause is unknown. abortion that occur after the first trimester, between 14 and 26 weeks, are usually due to an underlying health condition in the mother’s body.

Abortion in the first month of pregnancy
Abortion in the first month of pregnancy

Causes of abortion

During pregnancy, the body supplies hormones and nutrients to the developing fetus. This helps the fetus to develop normally during pregnancy. Most abortions occur in the first trimester of pregnancy because the fetus is not developing normally. There are various factors that can cause this.

There are many reasons why a abortion may occur, although often the cause is not identified. If the Abortion occurred during the first three months of pregnancy (first trimester), problems with the fetus are usually the cause. About three out of every four Abortionoccur during this period. If the Abortion occurred during the second trimester (between weeks 14 and 26), it may be due to an underlying health condition in the mother’s body.

These late abortions may be caused by an infection around the baby, which leads to the formation of a water sac that breaks and causes pain or bleeding.

First trimester of pregnancy

Most first-trimester abortions occur due to problems with the fetus’s chromosomes.

Chromosome problems

Most chromosomal abnormalities are due to damaged sperm or a problem with the division process.

Chromosomes are blocks of DNA. It contains a detailed set of instructions that control a wide range of factors, from how the body’s cells develop to what eye color a child will have.

Sometimes something can go wrong at the point of conception and the fetus receives too many or not enough chromosomes. The reasons for this are often not clear, but it means that the fetus will not be able to develop normally, resulting in a abortion .

It is estimated that up to two-thirds of early abortions are linked to a chromosome abnormality. This is not likely to recur, and does not mean that there is any problem with the mother’s or father’s chromosomes.

placenta problems

placenta problems
placenta problems

The placenta is the organ that transmits the mother’s blood supply to her baby. If there is a problem with the placenta developing, this may also lead to a abortion.

External health conditions

External health conditions, lifestyle habits, and underlying conditions may also interfere with fetal development, especially in the second trimester. Having sex or intercourse does not cause a abortion . A woman’s labor will not affect the fetus unless she is exposed to harmful chemicals or radiation.

Conditions that can interfere with fetal development include:

  • Malnutrition.
  • Drug abuse and alcohol consumption.
  • Advanced maternal age.
  • Untreated thyroid disease.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • infections.
  • Shock.
  • obesity;
  • Cervical problems.
  • abnormal uterus
  • Severe high blood pressure.
  • food poisoning;
  • some medicine.

Always check with your doctor before taking any medications to make sure the medication is safe to use during pregnancy.

Risk factors that increase the likelihood of early abortion

An early abortion may happen by chance. But there are several things that are known to increase the risk of problems.

Mother’s age has an effect

In women under the age of 30, 1 in 10 pregnancies will end in abortion , and in women aged 35-39, up to 2 in 10 pregnancies will end in abortion . In women over the age of 45, more than half of all pregnancies end in abortion .

Other risk factors include:

  • obesity.
  • Smoking during pregnancy.
  • Abuse of medication during pregnancy.
  • Drink more than 200 mg of caffeine per day. A cup of tea contains about 75 mg of caffeine, and one cup of instant coffee contains about 100 mg of caffeine. Caffeine is also found in some sodas, energy drinks, and chocolate.
  • drinking alcohol;
  • Hormonal problems, infection, or maternal health problems.
  • Lifestyle (i.e. smoking, substance abuse, poor diet, excessive intake of caffeine and exposure to radiation or toxic substances).
  • The fertilized ovum does not implant properly into the uterine lining.
  • mother’s age.
  • The mother’s trauma.

Misconceptions about abortion

An increased risk of Abortion is not associated with:

  • The emotional state of the mother during pregnancy, such as anxiety or depression.
  • Horror during pregnancy.
  • Exercising during pregnancy, but discuss with your doctor or midwife what type and amount of exercise is right for you during pregnancy.
  • Work during pregnancy, or work that involves sitting or standing for long periods.
  • Having sex during pregnancy.
  • Air travel.
  • Eat hot food.

recurrent Abortion

Many women who have had a Abortionؤ رworry that the Abortion will happen again. But most Abortion are a one-time event.

One in 100 women suffers from recurrent Abortion(three or more in a row) and more than 60% of these women manage to have children later.

What are the chances of a Abortion

For women in their childbearing years, the odds of a Abortion can range from 10-25%, and in most healthy women the average is around 15-20%.

The risk of Abortion increases with the age of the mother:

  • Women under 35 years of age have about a 15% chance of Abortion.
  • Women aged 35-45 years have a 20-35% probability of having a Abortion.
  • A woman over the age of 45 can have a 50% chance of Abortion.
  • A woman who has had a previous has a 25% chance of miscarrying again (which means a slightly higher risk than a woman who has never miscarried).

Warning signs

If you have any or all of these symptoms, it is important to contact your health care provider or medical facility to assess whether you may be able to abort:

  • Mild to severe back pain (often worse than normal menstrual cramps).
  • Weight loss.
  • Pinkish white mucus.
  • Real contractions (very painful every 5-20 minutes).
  • Red or brown bleeding with or without cramping (20-30% of all pregnancies can experience some bleeding early in pregnancy.
  • Sudden stop of pregnancy signs.

Types of abortion

Threatened abortion : Some degree of uterine bleeding early in pregnancy accompanied by cramping or lower back pain. The cervix is ​​still closed. This bleeding is often the result of the implantation of the ovum.

Inevitable abortion : Abdominal or back pain accompanied by bleeding and the cervix is ​​open. A Abortion is inevitable when there is a dilation of the cervix and/or there is a rupture of the membranes. Bleeding and cramping may continue if the abortion is not completed.

Completed abortion : A completed abortion is when the fetus is expelled from the uterus. The bleeding should subside quickly, and any pain or cramping should go away. A complete Abortion can be confirmed by ultrasound or by an operation.

Missed abortion : Women can have a abortion without knowing it. A missed abortion is when fetal death occurs but there is no expulsion of the fetus. It is not known why this happens. Signs of this Abortion would be the loss of pregnancy symptoms and the absence of the fetal heartbeat that was visible on the ultrasound.

Recurrent abortion (RM): It is defined as 3 or more consecutive abortion in the first trimester. This can affect 1% of couples trying to conceive.

Ectopic pregnancy: The fertilized ovum implants itself in places other than the uterus, most commonly the fallopian tube. Treatment is required immediately to stop the growth of the implanted ovum. If not treated quickly, this can end up with serious complications for the mother.

Molar pregnancy: The result of a genetic error during the fertilization process that leads to the growth of abnormal tissue inside the uterus. Pregnancy rarely involves a developing fetus, but it often involves the most common symptoms of pregnancy, including a missed period, a positive pregnancy test and severe nausea.

Abortion treatments

The main goal of treatment during or after a abortion is to prevent bleeding and/or infection. The further into your pregnancy you are, the more likely your body is to expel all of the fetal tissue on its own and no further medical procedures will be required. If the body has not expelled all the tissue, the most common procedure done to stop bleeding and prevent infection is dilation and curettage, known as a D&C. Medications may be prescribed to help control bleeding after a D&C is performed. Bleeding should be closely monitored when you are at home; If you notice increased bleeding, chills, or fever, it is best to contact your doctor immediately.

How can a abortion be avoided

How can a abortion be avoided
How can a abortion be avoided

Since most abortions are caused by chromosomal abnormalities, there isn’t much that can be done to prevent them. One vital step is to be as healthy as possible before considering a healthy pregnancy.

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthy food.
  • Stress control.
  • Keep weight within healthy limits.
  • Take folic acid daily.
  • Stop smoking.

Once you know you’re pregnant, the goal is to be as healthy as possible to provide a healthy environment for your baby to grow in:

  • Keep your stomach safe.
  • Do not smoke and do not sit near smokers.
  • Don’t drink alcohol.
  • Consult your doctor before taking any medication, even over-the-counter medications.
  • Limit or no caffeine intake.
  • Avoid environmental hazards such as radiation, infectious diseases and X-rays.
  • Avoid sports or activities that have a risk of injury.

Emotional therapy for abortion

Unfortunately, a abortion can affect any woman. Women often leave unanswered questions regarding their physical recovery, emotional recovery, and trying to conceive again. It is very important that women try to keep the lines of communication open with family, friends, and health care providers during this time.

pregnancy again

You may want to ask your doctor to help you develop a pregnancy plan before trying to get pregnant again. As much as possible, a healthy plan can help you prepare for pregnancy and reduce the risk of abortion again. Your doctor will likely recommend tests to detect any problems that may have caused a previous abortion . These may include:

  • Blood tests to detect hormonal imbalance.
  • Chromosomal tests, using blood or tissue samples.
  • Pelvic and uterine examinations.
  • Ultrasound imaging.
  • Your doctor may recommend waiting several months before becoming pregnant again. Depending on your health, your doctor may also need to do regular testing throughout your pregnancy.

Remember that most abortions are out of your control and you are not the one who caused it

Tags: Pregnancy, symptoms of pregnancy

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